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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Gray, John

(1866-1934) UK poet and translator of French Symbolist verse, best known as a member of London's decadent-aesthetic movement of the 1890s, when he was associated with Aubrey Beardsley (1872-1898), Ernest Dowson (1867-1900) and Oscar Wilde and is a possible candidate for the title character of Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray (July 1890 Lippincott's Monthly; exp 1891). In Gray's one gently humorous novel, Park: A Fantastic Story (1932), Catholic priest Father Mungo Park dreams of a Timeslip ...

Golding, Louis

(1895-1958) UK author much of whose work reflected his Jewish descent; Three Ancient Lands: Being a Journey to Palestine (1928) contains an early photographic record of kibbutzim life, and several novels are on Jewish themes, including Magnolia Street (1932). Some of his shorter fiction – like "Pompeii in Massachusetts" (original magazine publication if any not established) from The Doomington Wanderer: A Book of Tales (coll 1934; vt This Wanderer 1935; cut 2vols vt The Call of the Hand ...

Miller, P Schuyler

(1912-1974) US critic, amateur archaeologist and author; an MSc in chemistry, he did research for a time and from 1952 until his death worked as a technical writer. He remains best known in the sf world for his book reviews in Astounding Science-Fiction, which first appeared in 1945 and became a regular monthly feature in October 1951 under a surtitle, The Reference Library, and continued until his death, the last instalment appearing in January 1975. He was not a particularly demanding critic, ...

Parry, David MacLean

(1852-1915) US businessman and author whose anti-socialist Dystopia, The Scarlet Empire (1906), is clearly intended to counter Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward (1888). A young socialist American thinks to commit suicide by jumping into the sea, but awakens in a nightmarish Atlantis, a Lost World Keep protected from the ocean above by a great dome, where – despite a healthy plethora of convenient Inventions – the obsession with regimented equality leads to grotesqueries prophetic of ...

Graydon, Robert Murray

(1890-1937) US-born author, long in the UK, of fiction for boys, including several Sexton Blake titles. He also wrote as by Murray Hamilton, Robert Murray and Murray Roberts, most of his work under the last of these names appearing in the Captain Justice sequence. He was the son of the much more prolific William Murray Graydon (1864-1946). [JC/RR]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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