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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Davies, Russell T

(1963-    ) UK television producer, scriptwriter, and author, born Stephen Russell Davies, who added the middle initial to his name to distinguish himself from the UK writer and television figure Russell Davies (also born in Wales). He began his career with the BBC in the 1980s, writing two sf serials for the Young Adult market, Dark Season (1991 6parts), featuring a young Kate Winslet (1975-    ) in the story of a plot to rule the world through advanced ...

Goulart, Ron

(1933-2022) US author, born in California, where he lived until the late 1960s and which he made the effective template (whatever the venue or planet might be called) for much of his sf, including the large loose Barnum System sequence. After graduation he worked in an advertising agency, later putting on record the influence of this experience on the forming of his concise, polished style. He began to publish work of genre interest with "Letters to the Editor" in an amateur magazine, Pelican, ...

Transgender SF

In the real world, gender reassignment surgery dates back to around 1930 as a technique; an earlier operation, in 1918, involved only removal of breasts and ovaries. The full procedure only became widely known to the general public, however, after the media blitz that surrounded Christine Jorgensen's transition in 1953. For reasons which may possibly have nothing to do with social attitudes (but almost certainly do), there seems to be no genuine early sf example of an attempt to anticipate ...

Dark Future

Miniature model-based Wargame (1988). Games Workshop (GW). Designed by Richard Halliwell, Marc Gascoigne. / Dark Future is a game of highway combat, in which players take the role of "Sanctioned Ops" (freelance law enforcement operatives) or "Renegades" (members of criminal gangs). The gameplay is heavily influenced by the earlier Car Wars (1982); the major differences are that Dark Future is simpler and faster to play, and the vehicles are represented by miniature models, which the players ...


Although the name suggests a simple opposition to Heroes, antiheroes are not synonymous with Villains. They range from merely unsympathetic protagonists whose downfall or comeuppance provides satisfaction – typically at slick short story length – to figures of some stature and personal attraction who are dark complements of heroes. Satan is often viewed in genre terms as the antihero counterpart of God (see Gods and Demons). Early Scientific Romance antiheroes of note include Jule ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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