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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Kelsey, Franklyn

(?   -?   ) UK author of the James Armitage series of Young Adult tales, all featuring Lost Worlds; the first two were originally broadcast on Radio, each in several instalments, in 1934 and 1935: The Island in the Mist (1937) is set on a secluded Island in the South Pacific, whose inhabitants, descendants of the long-lost civilization of Mu, have benefited from induced Evolution and have grown wings; The Children of the Sun (1939) is set up the Amazon River, in ...

Cloaking Device

Term for an Invisibility screen used by Spaceships, popularized by Star Trek. It first appears as a Romulan Invention in the original-series episode "Balance of Terror" (1966), and continues to be used by Romulans and later Klingons (though not, for treaty reasons, the USS Enterprise itself) in later Star Trek incarnations. [DRL]

She

The charismatic, goddess-like female ruler – usually referred to as "She" or "She-Who-Must-Be-Obeyed" – in the Ayesha sequence by H Rider Haggard, opening with She: A History of Adventure (October 1886-January 1887 The Graphic; cut 1886; full text 1887). Ayesha clearly combines aspects of Aphrodite and Isis, being imperious, ravishing and potentially Immortal; but vulgarized echoes can also be detected of the primal Greek goddess Kore, the Eleusinian Demeter/Persephone dyad whose ...

Ditko, Steve

(1927-2018) US Comics artist and writer, active from around 1953, his first professional assignment of genre interest being "Stretching Things" by Bruce Hamilton (1900-1974), which was eventually published in Fantastic Fears #5 for February 1954 [for a more detailed description of Ditko's early fantasy and other work, see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. A long, complicated but mutually fruitful association with Jack Kirby began about this time; Ditko also did his first work for ...

Cunningham, Beall

Working name of Dorothy Beall Cunningham (?   -    ), author of Wide White Page (1936), a tale featuring a modern Utopia founded in the Antarctic. Cunningham also published at least one nonfantastic novel under her full name. [DRL]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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