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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Wittig, Monique

(1935-2003) French author, in US from 1976, whose first novel with sf interest, Les Guérillères (1969; trans David Le Vay as The Guérillères 1971), transforms the arguments of Feminism into a series of narrative litanies that work movingly to describe an abstract "tribe" of lesbian Amazons in a constant state of warfare with their natural enemy; the novel balances Equipoisally between sf (when its images are taken literally) and poetry. In Virgile, Non (1985; trans ...

Austin, Mary

(1868-1934) US critic, poet, playwright and author of fiction and nonfiction, including studies of the natural world of the American South-West like The Land of Little Rain (1903), and Taos Pueblo (graph 1930) with photographs by Ansel Adams (1902-1984). Her involvement with Native American life and arts was intensified by Feminist arguments that women were similarly oppressed (see Race in SF; Women in SF). Of sf interest is Outland (1910 with George Sterling, writing together as by Gordon ...

Kadokawa Haruki

(1942-    ) Japanese producer, director, poet and businessman, instrumental in many prominent movie releases and publishing fads of the 1980s and 1990s. His early successes in the family firm, Kadokawa Shoten (a market leader in sf and many other genres), included a decision to publish Ties to American movies far ahead of the cinema release, beginning with Eric Segal's Love Story (1970, trans as Aru Ai no Shi 1971). Arguably, he arrived in the movie business backwards, after ...

Kastle, Herbert D

(1924-1987) US author best known outside the genre, who began publishing occasional sf stories with "The York Problem" for If in February 1955. He edited the final two issues of Startling Stories (Summer and Fall 1955). His one sf novel, The Reassembled Man (1964; exp vt Edward Berner Is Alive Again! 1975; vt The Three Lives of Edward Berner 1976) depicts without excessive originality the transformation by aliens of a human into a sexually supercharged Superman. [JC]

Gansovsky, Sever

(1918-1990) Russian author, a dominant figure of the 1960s and 1970s; he was well known for his Radio plays, some of them sf, and also well regarded for his Hard-SF short stories and novellas, which were assembled in Shagi V Neizvestnoie ["Steps into the Unknown"] (coll 1963), Shest' Geniev ["Six Geniuses"] (coll 1965), Tri Shaga K Opasnosti ["Three Steps Towards Danger"] (coll 1969), Idyot Tchelovek ["Man Is Coming"] (coll 1971) and Tchelovek, Kotoryi Sdelal Baltiiskoie More ["The Man Who Made ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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