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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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The concept of a utopia or "Ideal State" is linked to religious ideas of Heaven or the Promised Land and to folkloristic ideas like the Isles of the Blessed, but it is essentially a future-historical goal, to be achieved by the active efforts of human beings, not a transcendental goal reserved as a reward for those who follow a particularly virtuous path in life. The term was coined by Thomas More in Utopia (Latin edition 1516; trans 1551; many editions since), although More's work has far more ...

Laski, Marghanita

(1915-1988) UK author, born Esther Pearl Laski (she never used her original given names); between 1958 and 1986 she was one of the most prolific contributors of material to the Oxford English Dictionary, supplying over 250,000 quotations to help establish historical usage patterns for words to be defined. Though she was not an avowed author of sf, her first novel, Love on the Supertax (1944), borders on sf in its Satirical depiction of a transformation of the UK during World War Two; her next ...

Miles Vorkosigan [series]

Highly popular Space Opera sequence by Lois McMaster Bujold (whom see for fuller discussion), with a much wider range – from often light-hearted Military SF adventure and romantic comedy to stories of considerable dark power – than is normally associated with this subgenre. The series began with two books published in the same year: Shards of Honor (1986), which brings together the parents of the central character Miles Vorkosigan, and The Warrior's Apprentice (1986), Miles's first ...

Hitchcock, Alfred

(1899-1980) UK-born Cinema director and producer whose career began in the silent-movie era in 1920 and who achieved global fame as the "Master of Suspense" – dramatic tension achieved through innovative framing and editing, with such trademark devices as camera movements designed to lure viewers into complicity with the viewpoint of the lens. His first successful films were thrillers made in Britain, notably The 39 Steps (1935), based on John Buchan's popular novel The Thirty-Nine Steps ...

Moseley, Maboth

(1906-1975) UK author of the Near Future War Upon Women: A Topical Drama (1934), in which a highly modern War is seen in terms of its savage effect on women (see Feminism). Moseley is also the author of Irascible Genius: A Life of Charles Babbage, Inventor (1964) (see Charles Babbage). [JC]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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