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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Martinière, Stephan

(1962-    ) French artist, later a resident of America. After some brief training in animation, he went to work for DIC Entertainment in the mid-1980s, temporarily requiring him to move to Japan, and he was soon contributing to a number of animated series, including Inspector Gadget (1983-1986), Jayce and the Wheeled Warriors (1985), MASK (1985), The Real Ghost Busters (1986-1991), and Madeline (1993-1995), primarily as an artist but also as a writer and director. He has ...

Shwartz, Susan M

(1949-    ) US author who has been more clearly associated with fantasy than with sf, beginning with her first story, "The Fires of Her Vengeance" in The Keeper's Price (anth 1979) edited by Marion Zimmer Bradley, later stories being assembled as Suppose They Gave a Peace and Other Stories (coll 2002). She soon however began to concentrate on extended works like the impressive Heirs to Byzantium Alternate-History trilogy: Byzantium's Crown (1987), The Woman of Flowers (1987) ...

Ashby, Richard

(?   -    ) US author who began publishing fiction of genre interest with "A Joke for Harry" for Amazing in September 1949, and who was published short fiction actively for several years. His sf novel, Act of God (December 1951-January 1952 Other Worlds; exp 1971), concerns a conspiracy in 2002 to deprive the one man who has gained Immortality of his powerful gift. [JC]

Djerassi, Carl

(1923-2015) Austrian-born Bulgarian chemist, author and playwright, in the US from December 1939; recipient of many scientific awards and honours; best known for his work on oral contraceptives, leading to his being termed the father of the birth control pill (which if not strictly accurate has a substantial core of truth). Four of his five novels and most of his plays centre upon science and Scientists against a real-world background – a subgenre sometimes known as "Lab Lit" and called ...

Quaggiato, R R

(?   -    ) US author in whose The Republic: Traitor (2017) an unelected President, in a Near Future America which has just suffered the loss by assassination of both houses of Congress, establishes an idealistic Dystopia, but begins to lose his mind under the stress of terrorist plots. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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