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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Hartshorne, Henry

(1823-1897) US physician and author whose sf novella 1931: A Glance at the Twentieth Century (1991 chap) describes the Near Future in generally Utopian terms; America has solved its racial problems (see Race in SF), and solved other problems as well, including Pollution, through the application of high Technology. Perhaps unseriously, it is suggested that Canada has welcomed incorporation into the great republic (see Imperialism). [JC]

Mitchell, J A

(1845-1918) US editor – he founded Life magazine in 1883, editing it until his death – and author in various genres. The Romance of the Moon (1886 chap) is a fantasy for children; Mitchell's sf proper begins with The Last American: A Fragment from the Journal of Khan-Li, Prince of Dimph-Yoo-Chur and Admiral in the Persian Navy (1889 chap; exp 1902), a somewhat spoofish Satire in which a thirtieth-century Persian expedition visits a depopulated Nh-Yok (ie New York) described in ...

Fisher, Steve

Working name of US naval officer and author Steven Gould Fisher (1912-1980) who also wrote as by Grant Lane; he wrote fairly widely for the Pulp magazines, including several stories for Doc Savage beginning with "Flame in the Wind" (February 1937 Doc Savage). Destroyer (1941) is a Future War tale, published just prior to the American entry into World War Two; here, the US declares war first, and naval battles focus on Panama and elsewhere. [JC]

Davy, Humphry

(1778-1829) English scientist and author famous for inventing the miner's safety-lamp in 1815; knighted 1812, baronet 1818, President of the Royal Society 1820. In his youth he was an acquaintance of the romantic poets of the day: a friend of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, he helped correct the proofs of Coleridge's and William Wordsworth's Lyrical Ballads (coll 1798), and some of his own poems were included in an anthology edited by Robert Southey. His last work, Consolations in Travel; or, The Last ...

Pearson, Martin

Pseudonym used by Donald A Wollheim for over twenty solo stories including the Ajax Calkins series and "Mimic" (December 1942 Astonishing Stories), the last filmed Mimic (1997). There is one collaborative Pearson title, "The Embassy" (March 1942 Astounding), which Wollheim wrote with C M Kornbluth. [PN/DRL]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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