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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 6 December 2022
Sponsor of the day: Bruce Gillespie

Omega Point

Originally a metaphysical term conceived by the Jesuit philosopher Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955) to denote the state of maximum complexity and consciousness towards which he considered the universe must evolve; the Roman Catholic Church barred his work from publication until after his death. Secularly aspirational versions of Teilhard de Chardin's concepts are central to the "singulatarian" Transhumanism influentially espoused by Ray Kurzweil (1948-    ) in ...

Martian, The

US musician specializing in sf-themed dance electronica. "The Martian" is Carlos "Empire" Ramirez (1980-    ), who renders his name variously as "eMpyre ramireZ" and "eMpyre RamireX" (with or without the eccentric capitalization), and sometimes simply "Empire". He produces lively, fluid, funk-inflected synthesizer music, a self-declaredly "non-corporate hip-hop" with a high genre quotient. Releases include "Meet the Red Planet" (1992), "Sex in Zero Gravity" ...

Dickson, Gordon R

(1923-2001) Canadian-born author, resident in the USA since age 13, becoming a US citizen many decades before his death. He was educated (along with Poul Anderson) at the University of Minnesota, taking his BA in English in 1948, and remained in Minnesota. After World War Two he re-established the Minneapolis Fantasy Society, with Anderson a central participant. The two later collaborated on the Hoka series – Earthman's Burden (coll ...


A once fairly common item of sf Terminology, denoting Imaginary Science radio-like Communications operating Faster Than Light. This sf coinage seems to have been first used in Lester del Rey's "Habit" (November 1939 Astounding); it appears in E E Smith's ...


Item of sf Terminology denoting a Matter Transmission device (occasionally with the undesired side effect of Matter Duplication), which became generally known through Star Trek. [DRL]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos ...

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