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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Federman, Raymond

(1928-2009) French-born author, in the US from 1947 until his death; his family died in Auschwitz. Much of his work combines experimental forms with some content readable as fantastic; the term "surfiction" has been applied to Federman's version of the postmodern sensibility (see Postmodernism and SF). Of this work, The Twofold Vibration (1982), does incorporate a Near Future Dystopia into the mix, and so may be thought of as sf. [JC]

Bourne Films

Very loosely based on the Jason Bourne series of novels by Robert Ludlum and subsequently Eric Van Lustbader, the Bourne films comprise one tightly-knit trilogy starring Matt Damon; plus the first of a projected series of continuations starring Jeremy Renner as a differently modified CIA operative, who is also on the run; plus a late continuation of the original story – perhaps because the outlier parallel story tanked – again with Damon. A much earlier made-for-television version ...

Rorvik, David

(1946-    ) US journalist specializing in scientific and medical issues, whose pseudo-nonfiction book In His Image: The Cloning of a Man (1978) claimed that the author had been involved in the 1973 creation of a Clone of a specific human being described as a wealthy businessman called Max. This caused both sensation and controversy, and led to a lawsuit filed against the publisher by UK scientist Derek Bromhall (whose name was used without permission, along with portions of ...


Many aspects of communication in sf are dealt with under separate entries in this volume. The most familiar form of communication is through language, for a discussion of which see Linguistics. For the perennially popular theme of opening communications with unfamiliar aliens, see First Contact; for initially discovering their existence, see SETI. Direct mental communication is discussed under Telepathy and ESP. For communication in the sense of travel, see Matter Transmission, Spaceships and ...

Nogaret, François-Félix

(1740-1831) French bureaucrat and author, intermittently prolific from around 1770 to 1830; he is of sf interest for Le Miroir des événements actuels, ou la belle au plus offrant, Histoire à deux visages ["The Mirror of Present Events, or, Beauty to the Highest Bidder: A Two-Faced Tale"] [for various versions see Checklist below] (1790 chap; trans Brian Stableford as "The Mirror of Present Events; Or, Beauty to the Highest Bidder" in The Mirror of Present Events and Other ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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