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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Byrds, The

The celebrated US pop group recorded their most enduring music in the 1960s, and are often associated with the hippy and psychedelic aspects of that decade, although their music owes as much to Country and Folk traditions. Founded by Roger McGuinn (1942-    ), David Crosby (1941-    ), Chris Hillman (1944-    ), Gene Clark (1944-1991) and Michael Clarke (1946-1993), the group began by playing in a pastiche-Beatles idiom, but quickly ...

Newton, J H

(?   -?   ) UK author of The Aztec Treasure (1936), a Lost Race tale describing the 300-year-long rule of an Aztec king over Zombies on an Island off South America. [JC]


Videogame (1988). Superior Software. Designed by Peter Irvin, Jeremy Smith. Platforms: BBCMicro (1988); Electron (1989); Amiga, AtariST, C64 (1991); CD32 (1995). / Exile is an example of a Videogame form which was popular in the UK during the 1980s, but rare elsewhere and hardly seen since, that of the "arcade adventure". In works of this type, solving physical puzzles is combined with the reflex and coordination based jumping and fighting gameplay which is characteristic of "platform ...

Coleman, Loren

(1947-    ) US author whose works run a Fortean (see Charles Fort) gamut from cryptozoology to UFO studies. He is listed here primarily to distinguish him from his near-namesake, Loren L Coleman. [JC]


In the early nineteenth century this term described a pamphlet on any of a wide range of subjects – from sermons to sensational tales, often illustrated with woodcuts – sold not through bookshops but by "chapmen", who hawked their wares. In the later nineteenth century, the term began to acquire a contrived antiquarian air, and was used to designate a small book or pamphlet produced for collectors. Although the fake antiquarianism attached to the term has since faded, chapbooks in ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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