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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Kaner, H

(1896-1973) Romanian-born UK civil servant and author who published his own books from Llandudno in Wales through The Kaner Publishing Co; it should be noted that his firm also published other writers, including John Russell Fearn. Of his own titles, two full-length novels stand out: People of the Twilight (1946), in which a Lost Race is discovered in a Parallel World, and The Sun Queen (1946), which features instantaneous Transportation and a race of beings dwelling within the Sun. [JC]

Alternate Cosmos

A Term used in this encyclopedia for the special case of Parallel World universes where the laws of Physics are and always have been importantly different; some sf stories posit this kind of radical change (or the threat of such change) to our own universe. George Gamow uses the device of dreams in Mr Tompkins in Wonderland (stories 1938-1939 Discovery; 1939 chap) to present alternate cosmoi in which the speed of light and Planck's constant have very different values, making their effects ...

Monster on the Campus

Film (1958). Universal. Directed by Jack Arnold. Written by David Duncan. Cast includes Troy Donahue, Arthur Franz, Joanna Moore and Judson Pratt. 77 minutes. Black and white. / This is one of Jack Arnold's last and poorest sf films, a variation on the Jekyll and Hyde theme: blood from a specimen coelacanth causes living creatures to devolve (see Devolution); a Scientist (Franz) temporarily but repeatedly becomes an apeman (see Apes as Human). The film is, foolishly, structured as a mystery ...

Stangerup, Henrik

(1937-1998) Danish journalist, playwright and author who worked mainly within the tradition of "new realism" prevalent in Denmark during the 1960s; he also wrote historical fiction. His sf novel Manden der ville vaere skyldig (1973; trans David Gress-Wright as The Man Who Wanted to Be Guilty 1982) is a Satire assaulting the Dystopian welfare state and the Social Democratic party through the a Near-Future tale of a man who accidentally kills his wife and is treated by the state not as a criminal ...

Cantor, Jay

(1948-    ) US academic and author whose first novel, Krazy Kat: A Novel in Five Panels (1988), Equipoisally implants two characters from the Comic strip Krazy Kat (1916-1944) by George Herriman (1880-1944) – the eponymous cat and Ignatz Mouse – into a "real-world" analogue of the surrealized Coconino County, Arizona, where the comic is set. Caught in this world, the protagonists witness the 1945 atomic bomb test in New Mexico; surviving into the moronic inferno ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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