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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 May 2022
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British Fanzine, 15 issues from 1970 to 1978, edited from Newcastle-upon-Tyne by Ian Williams (#1-#2, Autumn 1970-April 1971), Ian Maule (#3-#6, April 1972-September 1974), and Rob Jackson (#7-#15, February 1975-June 1978). Duplicated on UK quarto paper #1-#8, lithographed A4 thereafter. / Under its third and final editor Rob Jackson, a doctor, Maya became one of Britain's leading sf fanzines, attractively produced, circulated worldwide and containing a variety of material on sf and Fandom. ...

Escape from New York

Film (1981). Avco Embassy/International Film Investors/Goldcrest. Directed by John Carpenter. Produced by Larry Franco and Debra Hill. Written by Carpenter, Nick Castle. Cast includes Adrienne Barbeau, Ernest Borgnine, Isaac Hayes, Donald Pleasence, Kurt Russell, Harry Dean Stanton and Lee Van Cleef. 99 minutes. Colour. / The idea is wonderful. In 1997 the whole of Manhattan Island (see New York) is a Prison colony, surrounded by minefields and unscalable walls and inhabited by criminal ...

Kabakov, Alexander

(1943-2020) Russian author in whose sf novella, No Return (1990 Iskusstvo Kino as "Nevozvrashchenets"; trans Thomas Whitney 1990 chap), an observer capable of Time Travel up the line reports back to his very Near Future audience that a failure to continue with perestroika will result in a savage Dystopia. [JC]

Biro, Val

Working name of Hungarian-born illustrator and author Balint Stephen Biro (1921-2014), in the UK from 1939 until his death. During his prolific career as a book illustrator, which began in the early 1940s – his woodcut illustrations for Paul Tabori's Private Gallery (coll 1944) are already extremely accomplished – he executed a number of covers for sf and fantasy books, though never in a style that demonstrated any deep affinity for the iconography of the fantastic; an early cover ...

Métal Hurlant

French Bedsheet-size, glossy colour Comic-strip sf magazine launched January 1975 by Bernard Farkas, Jean-Pierre Dionnet (1947-    ) and illustrators Jean Giraud and Philippe Druillet; published by Les Humanöids Associées. Conceived as a high-quality showcase for the growing number of French sf artists, Métal Hurlant was an instant success, combining many aspects of sf narrative with particular stress on the erotic, the grotesque and the horrific in ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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