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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Kneale, Nigel

(1922-2006) UK author and screenwriter, married to the well-known children's author Judith Kerr (1923-2019) from 1954 until his death; active from around 1944, very occasionally as by Nigel Neale. After attending the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and working as an actor, Kneale began writing short stories, twenty-six of which – some horror or fantasy – appear in Tomato Cain and Other Stories (coll 1949; rev 1950). Since then most of his writing work was for Television and film, ...

Maze, The

US film (1953). Allied Artists/Monogram Studios. Directed by William Cameron Menzies. Written by Daniel B Ullman from the novel The Maze (1945) by Maurice Sandoz. Cast includes Richard Carlson, Katherine Emery, Veronica Hurst and Michael Pate. 80 minutes. Black and white. / Sir Gerald McTeam (Carlson) receives a message which causes him to abruptly break off his engagement to Kitty Murray (Hurst) and rush to the castle he has inherited in the Scottish highlands, with no explanation to her. ...

Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The

1. Radio series (1978, 1980). BBC Radio 4. Written and created by Douglas Adams, produced by Simon Brett (first episode) and Geoffrey Perkins (subsequent episodes). Cast includes Peter Jones as The Book, Simon Jones as Arthur Dent, Geoffrey McGivern as Ford Prefect, Stephen Moore as Marvin the Paranoid Android, Mark Wing-Davey as Zaphod Beeblebrox and Susan Sheridan as Trillian. Six 30-minute episodes broadcast weekly from 8 March 1978 to 12 April 1978. Christmas special 24 December 1978. ...

Fantastic Four

Film (2005). Twentieth Century Fox/Constantin Film/Marvel Enterprises. Directed by Tim Story. Written by Mark Frost, Michael France, based on the Marvel Comic by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Cast includes Jessica Alba, Michael Chiklis, Chris Evans, Ioan Gruffudd and Julian McMahon. 105 minutes. Colour. / While aboard a Space Station, five astronauts are caught in a cosmic storm that bombards them with radiation (see Rays). Upon their return to earth, they develop Superpowers: the ability to ...

Tolman, Edward C

(1886-1959) US psychologist, a sometimes reluctant associate of B F Skinner, whose theories of behaviourism seemed excessively reductive; he is best known for his successful suit against the University of California for attempting to fire him because of his refusal to sign a McCarthy-era loyalty oath. His measured assessments of the relationship between Psychology and the course of history appear in Drives Toward War (1942) which, though essentially nonfiction, contains lightly fictionalized ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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