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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Urasawa Naoki

(1960-    ) Japanese artist and Manga creator, whose early output was largely non-genre, but whose more recent forays into science fiction and Equipoise have met with widespread acclaim. A graduate in Economics from Meisei University, his short story "Return" won a comics prize, luring him into the manga publishing industry with his professional debut "Beta" (graph 1983 Golgo 13 Bessatsu). Both were included in his early short story collection NASA (graph 1988), which also ...

Martin, Peter

(?   -    ) A name long thought to have been the working name of UK author Peter Martin Leckie; but members of Leckie's family have stated that Peter Martin Leckie was not this Peter Martin. The name was used for the sf novel, Summer in Three Thousand: Not a Prophecy – A Parable (1946), in which a progressive Utopian World Island state is contrasted with a war-torn conservative Dystopian one. [JC]

Shapiro, Stanley

(1925-1990) US screenwriter – he won an Academy Award for Pillow Talk (1959) – and author. In his sf novel, A Time to Remember (1986), filmed for Television as Running Against Time (1990), a man travels (see Time Travel) back through time to create an Alternate World whose Jonbar Point will be his prevention of John F Kennedy's assassination, thus averting the Vietnam War. [JC]


The Jewish legend of the Golem comprises a set of Proto-SF stories about the maker and the made. Several well-known rabbis and Judaic scholars of the Middle Ages and early Renaissance had Golem stories ascribed to them, the most elaborate cycle being that connected with Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel (1512-1609), the Maharal of Prague, a controversial and admired sage and community leader. "His" version of the Golem, Joseph, is an Automaton made from the sand and mud lining the Vltava River. To ...


The growth of knowledge in the biological sciences has lagged behind that in the physical sciences; Newton's synthesis of Physics and Astronomy anticipated the linking of biology and chemistry by 200 years. The age of mechanical inventions began in the early nineteenth century, that of biological inventions is only just beginning, in the wake of the elucidation (during the 1960s) of the "genetic code" which controls naturally occurring biological processes of manufacture. Writers of speculative ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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