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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Franklin, Jay

Pseudonym of John Franklin Carter (1897-1967). a journalist who did intelligence work for the American government in World War Two, and the author of several nonfiction books on American political figures as well as two sf novels, Champagne Charlie (1950), a mild Near Future political Satire, and The Rat Race (8 March-5 April 1947 Collier's Weekly; rev 1950), about a Shapeshifting politician. He may or may not be the John Franklin Carter credited with anonymous work for the Stratemeyer ...


Japanese term for comic strip or comic book. Its now common use in the English-speaking world dates back to the 1990s. In English it is used to denote Japanese Comics specifically. There tends to be a connotation of the fantastic when English-speaking readers use the term. Movies based on manga include Akira (1988) and Appleseed (2004); the influence of manga is also strongly visible in Tetsuo (1989). [PN/JN] see also: Osamu Tezuka. / further reading / Frederik L Schodt. Manga! ...


UK tv series (1983-1986). Anderson Burr Pictures/London Weekend Television. Created Gerry Anderson, produced by Anderson, Christopher Burr; directors Alan Pattillo, Tony Bell, Tony Lenny, Desmond Saunders; all episodes written by Tony Barwick (one with Trevor Lansdown) except for pilot, by Anderson. Three seasons, 39 25-minute episodes in all. / Using more advanced puppets than in all his SuperMarionation series, with more electronic movements built in, this was the last of Anderson's sf ...

Wright, Glover

Working name of Indian-born rock guitarist and thriller author Geoffrey Glover-Wright (1940-2017), in UK from 1947, perhaps best known under his early stage name Buddy Britten, though he also performed as Simon Raverne. He is of some sf interest for The Hound of Heaven (1984), in which a possibly renegade priest, crucified by the Vietcong in the 1960s, is retrieved from Suspended Animation with a message deadly to the Church (see Religion). In Aurora (2003), a similarly reawakened figure ...

Doke, Joseph J

(1861-1913) UK Baptist minister, frequent visitor to and finally resident of South Africa, author of the first significant study of Mahatma Gandhi, M K Gandhi: An Indian Patriot in South Africa (1909). He is of sf interest for the Reinhild sequence of Lost Race novels – The Secret City: A Romance of the Karroo (1913) and its prequel, The Queen of the Secret City (1916) – which are set in an ancient Egyptian civilization hidden in the city of Nefert in the Kalahari desert of South ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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