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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Jensen, Norman

(1933-    ) UK author of The Galactic Colonizers (1971), an sf adventure for Robert Hale Limited involving encounters with unusual Aliens. [JC]

Armour, J P

(1852-1909) US author of Edenindia: A Tale of Adventure (1905) whose protagonist flies an advanced Airship to the Arctic, where he finds a Lost Race descended from Henry Hudson, a Utopia governed by good hygiene and a tough love regime for hypochondriacs; a dissimulated attempt to fly to Mars ends in China. [JC]

Frankenheimer, John

(1930-2002) US film director. A graduate of the 1950s school of live television drama, Frankenheimer first attracted attention as a film-maker with melodramas centred on youth and social issues: The Young Stranger (1956), The Young Savages (1961), All Fall Down (1961) and The Birdman of Alcatraz (1962). However, in his direction of The Manchurian Candidate (1962), Seven Days in May (1964) and Seconds (1966), all based on successful novels, Frankenheimer revealed a distinctive fantastic vision, ...

Roth, Philip

(1933-2018) US author, along with Thomas Pynchon the most influential writer of his generation still active well into the twenty-first century; he is probably still best known for Portnoy's Complaint (1969), a novel whose sophisticated and often comic treatment of the freedoms and imprisonments of Sex is fantastically furthered (see Fabulation) in The Breast (1972), in which a man named Kepesh (ie K) is suddenly and painfully turned into a giant female breast (see Absurdist SF). As with most ...


Film (2008). Paramount Pictures presents a Bad Robot production. Directed by Matt Reeves. Written by Drew Goddard. Cast includes Lizzy Caplan, Jessica Lucas, T J Miller, Michael Stahl-David, Mike Vogel and Odette Yustman. 85 minutes. Colour. / Found Footage reveals an enormous Monster terrorizing New York. / Three parts Gojira (1954; vt Godzilla, King of the Monsters, 1956) to one part The Blair Witch Project (1999), Cloverfield reframes some of the more familiar tropes of the Monster ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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