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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 September 2022
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Owen, Dean

Pseudonym – and eventually perhaps the legal name – of US author Dudley Dean McGaughy (1909-1986), whose routine novelizations of horror and sf films are The Brides of Dracula (1960); Konga (1960), based on Konga (1961); Reptilicus (1961), based on Reptilicus (1962); and End of the World (1962), based on Panic in Year Zero! (1962), a film which was in turn based without acknowledgement on two short stories by Ward Moore. Monarch Books's habit of publishing soft-porn adaptations of ...

Lyon, E D

(1825-1891) UK soldier, Governor of Dublin District Military Prison 1854-1856; commercial photographer from 1865 in India and elsewhere; and author whose Near Future sf novel, Ireland's Dream: A Romance of the Future (1888 2vols), set in a chaotic independent Ireland; its depiction of the consequences of the end of British rule (see Politics) is savagely unfriendly to the Irish, confessing inter alia to a spreading apprehension among many writers and thinkers that the British Empire was thinly ...

John Carter: Warlord of Mars

Board and counter Wargame (1979). Simulations Publications Inc. Designed by Mark Herman, Eric Goldberg. / While most easily classified as a Wargame, John Carter is actually a fusion of several types of game which have followed generally separate paths of development since its release. Specifically, it combines many of the attributes of Board Games, Wargames and Role Playing Games. Players create new stories set on the exotic world of Barsoom, Edgar Rice Burroughs' version of Mars, ...

Genetic Engineering

In his remarkable prophetic essay Daedalus, or Science and the Future (1924) J B S Haldane looked forward optimistically to a day when biologists have "invented" a new species of alga to solve the world's food problem, and in which "ectogenetic" children born from artificial wombs can be strategically modified by Eugenic selection. Nothing was known in 1924 about the biochemistry of genetics, so Haldane spoke mainly in terms of "selective breeding", but he nevertheless anticipated not merely ...

Superman [character]

1. US Comic strip created by writer Jerry Siegel (1914-1996) and artist Joe Shuster (1914-1992), loosely inspired by Philip Wylie's Gladiator (1930), which Siegel had reviewed in his fanzine, Science-Fiction, in 1932. He was an sf fan, creator of several early Fanzines, including Science Fiction (5 issues from October 1932), in which illustrations by his friend Shuster had appeared. Their Superman idea was originally – over a period of years – rejected by almost every comics ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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