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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Charnock, Graham

(1946-    ) UK author active in Fandom since the 1970s London Ratfandom scene, whose Fanzines include Phile (7 issues 1966-?1968), Wrinkled Shrew (8 issues 1974-1979) with his wife Pat Charnock, and Vibrator (59 issues 1975-1977, 2003-2005, 2013-2020). He began to publish work of genre interest with "Crim" in New Worlds #184 for November 1968, followed by further stories in that magazine and in various Original Anthologies. As part of the late-1960s New Worlds team, Charnock ...

Ray Gun

This generic energy Weapon, usually hand-held, is one of the best-known sf Clichés which became established in the Pulp magazine era; hence the Retro-Pulp magazine title Ray Gun Revival. The term seems to have been coined by Victor Rousseau in The Messiah of the Cylinder (June-September 1917 Everybody's Magazine; 1917; vt The Apostle of the Cylinder 1918), whose magazine serialization includes this passage: / All is not going well, Arnold: the ray-rods are emptying fast, and ...

Web and Starship

Board and counter Wargame (1984). West End Games (WEG). Designed by Greg Costikyan. / Web and Starship is a Hard SF Wargame played on a two-dimensional map of nearby stars, with the third dimension represented by notations on the display. The setting is asymmetric; there are three players, each of whom has different capabilities. The Pereen can travel between stars by means of an instantaneous "Web", but must use slower-than-light probes to add new planets to the network, while the ...

Kagarlitski, Julius

(1926-2000) Russian critic and professor of European drama at the State Theatrical Institute in Moscow. One of the leading Russian critics to have a strong interest in sf, Kagarlitski published the first and most comprehensive study in the then USSR of an individual sf author: Gerbert Uells (1963; trans Moura Budberg as The Life and Thought of H.G. Wells 1966; considerably rev and exp vt Vgliadyvaias v griadushchee ["Staring into the Future"] 1989). He later edited a fifteen-volume set of H G ...

Hammond, Kay

Working name of Irish author Kathleen Eleanor Hammond (1900-1967), in England from her early years, who wrote several sf stories of interest in magazines published by Gerald G Swan, beginning with "Spider Fire" in Yankee Weird Shorts for March 1942; she also wrote a Lost Race tale, The Dark City (1942 chap). [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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