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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Kirmess, C H

Pseudonym of Australian newspaperman and author Frank Fox (1874-1960), in the UK from about 1909; in his Future War tale, The Australian Crisis (October 1908-August 1909 Lone Hand as "The Commonwealth Crisis"; 1909), an effeminate Near Future Australia is subject to Invasion by Asians (see Yellow Peril). Fox was knighted in 1926. [JC]

Kingston, Jeremy

(1931-    ) UK author, mostly of plays. His novel, Love Among the Unicorns (1968), a surreal fantasy with sf elements set in South America, features a Lost World. He should not be confused with the Jeremy Kingston who is a pseudonym of John Gregory Betancourt. [JC]

Baker, Scott

(1947-    ) US-born author, who spent much of his career in France; for most of that career he has written fantasy and horror, some of it with distinction; his only sf novel is his first book, Symbiote's Crown (1978), a slyly intelligent though uneasily metaphysical Space Opera involving intricate hegiras through Parallel Worlds. Its French edition won the 1982 Prix Apollo for best SF novel published in French. [JC]

Fox, Mary

(1798-1864) UK author, an illegitimate daughter of King William IV (1765-1837); Richard Whately (1787-1863), the Archbishop of Dublin, may have written most of the Proto SF novel initially attributed mainly to her. Account of an Expedition (Planned and Conducted by Mr H Sibthorpe) to the Interior of New Holland (1837; rev vt The Southlanders: An Account of an Expedition to the Interior of New Holland 1860), neither edition credited on title page, depicts a journey into the heart of the ...

Burke, Jonathan

Working name for most of his sf of UK author John Burke (1922-2011), who wrote sf and fantasy under his own name (much of his short sf is so signed) as well as J F Burke and Robert Miall, and who used various other pseudonyms for non-fantastic work. He was active in Fandom in the 1930s (see The Fantast; The Futurian; The Satellite), only beginning to publish sf proper with "Chessboard" for New Worlds in January 1953. Prior to this he had made an early sale to Tales of Wonder with "Before the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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