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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Film (2018). Paramount Pictures in association with Netflix presents a DNA Films, Scott Rudin Productions and Skydance Media production. Directed by Alex Garland. Written by Garland, adapted from the novel Annihilation (2014) by Jeff VanderMeer, which with Authority (2014) and Acceptance (2014) forms Area X: The Southern Reach Trilogy (omni 2014). Cast includes David Gyasi, Oscar Isaac, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Tuva Novotny, Natalie Portman, Gina Rodriguez, Tessa Thompson and Benedict Wong. 115 ...

Curties, Henry

(1860-1928) UK author, who sometimes wrote as Captain Henry Curties; his first sf novel, Tears of Angels (1907), features its protagonist's conveyance to Alpha Centauri on an angel, who is perhaps weeping; from the star he gains a perspective on Earth, then returns home to find himself in an Alternate-History version of the future. Out of the Shadows (1908) is a detection with occult elements; When England Slept (1909) is a Future War tale in which Germany occupies London – the conflict ...

Mackie, Philip

(1918-1985) UK screenwriter whose Television drama, An Englishman's Castle (1978 3 episodes), depicts an England long occupied by Nazi Germany (see Hitler Wins); as its protagonist gradually begins to understand the depths of the tyranny he and his lover suffer under, the tale becomes both darker and more subtle. [JC]

Visual Novel

Term popularized in Japan for a text-based Videogame usually enhanced with Anime-style illustrations and audio dialogue; not to be confused or conflated with the Graphic Novel. Although marketing for visual novels (­VNs) is apt to describe them as enhanced, interactive books, they might just as easily be described as Adventure games with extremely limited branches and gameplay. Considering that most use a graphic style derived from Anime, they might even be parsed as extremely limited works ...

Osbourne, Lloyd

(1868-1947) US author, step-son of Robert Louis Stevenson, with whom he collaborated on three novels including the popular nonfantastic black comedy The Wrong Box (1889) and The Ebb-Tide: A Trio & Quartette (November 1893-February 1894 To-Day; 1894), primarily by his father-in-law [whom see for details]. Some of the tales assembled in The Queen Versus Billy and Other Stories (coll 1900) and Wild Justice (coll 1906; vt Wild Justice: Short Stories of the South Seas 1921) are of mild sf ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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