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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Paris qui Dort

Film (1924; vt Le Rayon Invisible; vt The Crazy Ray; vt At 3:25). Films Diamant. Written and directed by René Clair. Cast includes Charles Martinelli, Louis Pré Fils, Albert Préjean, Madeleine Rodrigue, Henri Rollan and Marcel Vallée. 59 minutes. Black and white. / This is one of the earliest sf films (other than shorts). A scientist accidentally freezes Paris into a split-second of time with an invisible Ray, which puts to sleep everyone affected (see Suspended ...


"Martial Heroes". A shorthand term often employed in writings on Chinese fiction and film, denoting the adventures of martial artists. Originally a calque of the Japanese term bukyō, introduced in the adventure novels of Shunrō Oshikawa around 1902, the term was co-opted by a community of authors scrambling to address the Matter of China in troubled modern times. [For Matter see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below.] China during the Qing era (1644-1911) was ruled by a ...

Helfer, Andrew

(1958-    ) US Comics editor and creator, and author of Ties including Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire (1984), a Find Your Fate Adventure book, Superman, The Man of Steel (1984) and Supergirl, the Girl of Steel (1984), both of them in the Which-Way-Books – Superpowers sequence. [JC]

Biro, Val

Working name of Hungarian-born illustrator and author Balint Stephen Biro (1921-2014), in the UK from 1939 until his death. During his prolific career as a book illustrator, which began in the early 1940s – his woodcut illustrations for Paul Tabori's Private Gallery (coll 1944) are already extremely accomplished – he executed a number of covers for sf and fantasy books, though never in a style that demonstrated any deep affinity for the iconography of the fantastic; an early cover ...

Barr, Donald

(1921-2004) US author and academic, former assistant dean of the Engineering School of Columbia University, and author of several nonfiction works for children as well as Who Pushed Humpty Dumpty, or The Education of a Headmaster (1971), on US education. His sf novel, Space Relations: A Slightly Gothic Interplanetary Tale (1973), is a Space Opera interlaced amusingly with "literary" analogues to its tale of a space diplomat, sold into Slavery, who is sexually excited by fear, thus enticing a ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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