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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Avengers: Age of Ultron

Film (2015). Marvel Studios in association with Paramount Pictures. Written and directed by Joss Whedon. Story by Zac Penn and Whedon, based on the Marvel Comic by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Cast includes Paul Bettany, Don Cheadle, Robert Downey Jr, Chris Evans, Clark Gregg, Chris Hemsworth, Tom Hiddleston, Samuel L Jackson, Scarlett Johansson, Thomas Kretschmann, Elizabeth Olsen, Gwyneth Paltrow, Jeremy Renner, Marc Ruffalo, James Spader, Aaron Taylor-Johnson. 141 minutes. Colour. / It is ...

Justice, Inc

Role Playing Game (1984). Hero Games (HG). Designed by Aaron Allston, Steve Peterson, Michael A Stackpole. / Justice, Inc. is a game inspired by 1920s and 1930s Pulp magazine fiction; it is named after the organization formed in the first issue of The Avenger (1939) by the eponymous Doc Savage like character (see Kenneth Robeson), in a story by Paul Ernst. As such, it covers a wide range of pulp genres, including sf. Rules are specified for a variety of weird talents and psychic abilities ...

Lowry, Lois

(1937-    ) US author of Young Adult novels whose strong-hewed intensity is clearly manifest in the Giver series starting with The Giver (1993), Gathering Blue (2000) and Messenger (2004), all three tales set in Pocket Universe enclaves in what may be a planetary Ruined Earth venue, though no engendering catastrophe is clearly indicated, over and above the destructiveness in general of Homo sapiens. In the first ostensibly harmonious world of the first volume, which won a ...


UK indie-rock band founded in 1993 by US-born musician and singer Margaret Fiedler McGinnis (1967-    ) and UK bass-guitarist John Frenett (1970-    ) and named (of course) for the first mammal to orbit the earth. The group's complexly rhythmic, slippery, hypnotic music manifests a persistent fascination with outer space. The band's first release, Silver Apples of the Moon (1995) – this album has no relation to Morton Subotnick's 1967 release ...

Lawrence, Josephine

(1889-1978) US editor and author, active and prolific from about 1915 in both capacities, concentrating in her early career on work for younger children, soon contributing tales for girls, under various names, to the Stratemeyer Syndicate. Though much of this material may verge on the fantastic, she is of sf interest primarily for an adult novel, Not a Cloud in the Sky (1964), a Dystopian vision of a Near Future America where those over 65 are "retired" to reservations. [JC]

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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