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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Westfahl, Gary

(1951-    ) American academic and critic. After receiving a PhD in English from Claremont Graduate University in 1986, he worked until 2011 at the University of California, Riverside, then taught at the University at La Verne before retiring in 2017 and receiving the title of professor emeritus. His first major project was a series of contentious articles in Foundation: The Review of Science Fiction, based on research from his dissertation, which were eventually revised and ...

Reader, E E

(1847-1930) UK publisher's clerk and author of Priestess and Queen: A Tale of the White Race of Mexico: Being the Adventures of Ignigene and her Twenty-Six Fair Maidens (1899), a Prehistoric SF tale set in Mexico, during the time when a superior white civilization ruled the territory (see Race in SF). [JC]

Gray, Alasdair

(1934-2019) Scottish painter, playwright, poet and author who began publishing work of genre interest with "The Star" in Collins Magazine for Boys and Girls for May 1951, whose boy protagonist finds a transparent fallen star through which he sees other worlds; when a schoolmaster demands it, he swallows the star, gaining Transcendence but clearly dying. As Gray has acknowledged, the tale was inspired by H G Wells's "The Crystal Egg" (May 1897 The New Review). This and other stories were ...

Fish, Leonard G

(?1923-    ) UK author of some short fiction under his own name and as by David Campbell; his novels were all written under Pseudonyms, and include several minor sf adventures: Zamba of the Jungle (1951) as by John Raymond, Planet War (1952) as by Fysh, a Space Opera, After the Atom (1953) as by Victor La Salle, a Post-Holocaust tale, and Beyond the Solar System (1954) as by Claude Haley. [SH/JC]

Rothman, Milton A

(1919-2001) US nuclear physicist and long-time sf fan who was inducted into the First Fandom Hall of Fame in 1998. He founded the Philadelphia Science Fiction Society in 1935, the oldest continuously running science fiction club in the US, and was the father of Tony Rothman. Besides books of popular science, Rothman wrote a small number of sf stories both under his own name and as by Lee Gregor, most of which involve space travel. Twelve were published in his lifetime. The first two Gregor ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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