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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Crick, Donald

(1916-2005) Australian author, the last of his five novels being The Moon to Play With (1981), an sf Satire with a fairly mild touch. [JC]

Fratz, D Douglas

(1952-2016) US publisher, editor and book reviewer who was the founding editor of the energetic sf news and reviews journal Thrust (which see) in February 1973, initially published by the University of Maryland Science Fiction Society but with himself as sole editor and publisher from #7 dated Spring 1977; the first issue carried his only recorded work of fiction "The Giant Slayers". He renamed the magazine Quantum with #36 for Spring 1990, and continued as editor and publisher until the double ...

Harrison, Helga

(1923-    ) UK author whose sf novel, The Catacombs (1962), depicts with some irony a Ruined Earth Britain, long after a nuclear World War Three, in which "Crishuns", having persuaded themselves that they warrant special attention, await salvation, while dodging the oppressive Communes, which are governed by a garrulously domineering dictator. [JC]


Traditional item of sf Terminology for various surveillance mechanisms employing some kind of Ray that can penetrate most forms of matter, conferring the power of undetectable eavesdropping upon its operator. E E Smith uses the term throughout his Lensman series and seems to have coined it in the original magazine version of Triplanetary (January-April 1934 Amazing; exp rev 1948). Inevitably this Technology leads to a kind of arms race, with "spy-ray blocks" – as in First Lensman (1950) ...

Weston, George

(1880-1968) UK author whose family emigrated to the USA in 1890; active in the magazines from about 1904 and best known for His First Million Women (1934; vt Comet "Z" 1934), an early version of the sf topos where sterility (see Disaster) affects all but one man – an Adam and Eve-associated topic more widely used after the first nuclear explosion. Weston's protagonist uses his new status to promulgate Near Future disarmament, until the dissipation of Comet "Z"'s effects makes it possible ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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