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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Long, Jeff

(1951-    ) US author, initially of mountaineering novels, who made his genre debut with The Descent (1999). While including some mountaineering, this Horror thriller posits that the myth of Hell derives from a worldwide realm of Underground caverns inhabited by a Lost Race of "hadals". The hostile environment has caused many of these human-related cannibals to develop hornlike growths; they also have a diabolic fondness for Torture. Though the science is nonsensical ...

Counter-Earth

An imagined extra planet of our own solar system, supposedly sharing Earth's orbit but always concealed from observation by its position on the far side of the Sun (that is, at or near the L3 Lagrange Point of the Earth-Sun system). The concept is ancient: Pythagoras proposed both the world, which he called Antichthon, and the mechanism of its concealment in the fifth century BCE. Although Counter-Earth – or Vulcan, as it is occasionally named – would not in fact remain hidden owing ...

Bell, Derrick

(1930-2011) US lawyer, academic and author, a central figure in the creation of what became known as "critical race theory", the argument that racism – which as a Black lawyer he had been involved in combating – was so inherent in American society that apparent reductions in segregation and discrimination would be cosmetic. The basic institutional racism of America, he argued, would inevitably reassert itself to the advantage of the already advantaged. / Though he wrote some ...

Grant, Charles L

(1942-2006) US author who restricted himself since the late 1970s almost exclusively to horror and fantasy fiction [see highly selected Checklist below], mainly under his own name (sometimes in the form C L Grant), though he wrote books as by Felicia Andrews, Steven Charles, Simon Lake, Lionel Fenn (see below) and Geoffrey Marsh. He began publishing work of genre interest with "The House of Evil" for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in December 1968; of this early work, "A Crowd of ...

Wongar, B

Apparent pseudonym of Yugoslav-born author Streten Bozic (1932-    ), in Australia from 1960; for some time, both names gave pause to researchers, as "Streten Bozic" could apparently be understood to mean "Merry Christmas" in Serbian, and "Birimbir Wongar" can be translated, from an Arnhem Land Aboriginal tongue, as something like "Dreaming Soul or Visitor", and "Banumbir Wongar", a version of the name used for a period, can be translated as something like "Spirit ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...



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