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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 3 October 2022
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Rushkoff, Douglas

(1961-    ) US media theorist, much influenced by the work of Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), and author of two novels of sf interest. Ecstasy Club (1997) is a Near Future thriller in which the Drug Ecstasy is used in an attempt to gain Transcendence in Cyberspace. / His second novel, also sf, has an unusual history. It was first published as Bull (2001), a narrative set in the Near Future but discovered and annotated by a twenty-third-century editor. This was subsequently ...

MacFadyen, Virginia

(1900-1966) US actress and author whose At the Sign of the Sun (1925) is a Lost Race tale whose inhabitants whose lineage is antediluvian. [JC]

Ardrey, Robert

(1908-1980) US playwright, screenwriter, speculative journalist and author known mainly for his theatrical work, initially for such plays as Thunder Rock (performed 1939; 1940), a ghost story set in a lighthouse on Lake Michigan, to which the protagonist has retreated because what seems to be a very Near Future world is too much for him; his ultimate gaining of resolve proved very popular in England as World War Two darkened; the play was filmed as Thunder Rock (1943), directed by Roy Boulting, ...

Ryves, T E

(1895-1976) India-born UK surgeon, poet and author in whose Bandersnatch (1950) an adventurer travels – or is transported – into a future dominated by a highly mechanized scientific establishment, and by the bandersnatch of scientism – mad, ungainly, as relentless as in Lewis Carroll – to which they give allegiance. Fortunately, he escapes this Dystopia. [JC]

Postal Worlds

Games such as Chess have been played by post since at least 1824, when the members of the newly formed Edinburgh Chess Club challenged their London counterparts to a correspondence match, and probably much earlier. These games, however, were played in alternating turns between individual participants, each of whom had a board displaying the current state of play. The concept of a game in which several players submit their orders for a turn to a central moderator, who processes them ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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