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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Johnstone, D Lawson

(1869-1905) Scottish author who published all his well-regarded fiction, mostly Young Adult novels, between 1888 and the turn of the century. His first work of sf interest is The Mountain Kingdom: A Narrative of Adventure (1888), a Jules Verne-style Lost-World tale whose young protagonists travel into Kisnia, the Kingdom of the Smoking Mountains (in Tibet), which is inhabited by descendants of ancient Greeks; our heroes attempt to thwart a rebellion against the monarch. The Paradise of the ...

Kennicott, Ada M

(1860-1926) US author of Under Red Pillars (1902), a Lost World tale couched as a retelling of European fairy tales, at least one episode taking place in a Hollow Earth venue. [JC]

Card Game

Term used to describe a form of Game played with physical cards, generally made from paper, cardboard or plastic, and marked with symbols that make them part of a set. Playing cards appear to have been invented in ancient China at some point between the ninth and thirteenth Centuries CE; some confusion arises from the fact that the earliest examples seem to have been "domino cards" marked with the possible results of throwing a pair of six-sided dice, rather than sets employed for actual Card ...

Gott, Samuel

(1614-1671) UK parliamentarian and author. Son of an ironmonger, educated at Cambridge and the Inns of Court, Gott was a Presbyterian and a member of the circle around educational reformer Samuel Hartlib. In 1645 he was elected to parliament for Winchelsea, but was excluded in Pride's Purge of 1648. In the same year he published a Utopia, Nova Solymæ Libri Sex (1648 2vols; trans Walter Begley as The Ideal City, or Jerusalem Regained: An Anonymous Romance Written in the Time of Charles I: ...

Ballard, Isaac Fowler

(1826-1897) UK tax officer ("supervisor of excise") and author of The Prophetic Future of the Empire of Great Britain: Dedicated to her Royal and Imperial Majesty the Queen (1871 chap), in which the Battle of Dorking scenario is taken to predict a Future History in which Britain triumphs. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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