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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Kranz, E Kirker

(1949-    ) US teacher and author of The Clouded Mirror (1971), a Time Travel tale featuring a Time Machine that remains physically immobile, though the worlds revealed, as the traveller passes hither and yon, vary widely. [JC]

Rutherford, Meg

(1932-2006) Australian sculptor, illustrator and author, in UK at least intermittently from 1958; she is of some sf interest for The Beautiful Island (graph 1969), which is collage-based. The narrative is ostensibly pure fantasy – birds persuade the battered houses and edifices of northern lands to migrate south to a paradisal Island – but uses proto-Steampunk devices literally to carry the tale, for the buildings are all hauled or otherwise transported by ingenious humans, whose ...

Williams, Paul

(1948-2013) US editor and author who began publishing sf nonprofessionally as a teenager, bringing out four issues of a fanzine, Within (1962-1963), and speaking to Boston library school students on sf as literature for young adults. In 1966 he founded Crawdaddy!, the first US rock magazine (see Music), which he edited through 1968, and then 1993-2003. The first issue (January 1966) was typed on David G Hartwell's typewriter and printed on Ted White's mimeograph machine; later issues included ...

Schutz, Heinrich

(1888-1945) German biologist and author of Der sterbende Gletscher ["The Dying Glacier"] (1928; trans Frank Barnes as When Mammoths Roamed the Frozen Earth 1929), a Prehistoric SF tale describing in melodramatic terms the end of the last Ice Age, with mammoths and other stranger Monsters battling each other for food, and a Lost Race. Schutz's underlying thesis, that the ice departed convulsively, has been disproven. His presentation of early Homo sapiens killing off the larger beasts in huge ...

Noyes, Pierrepont B

(1870-1959) US businessman and author whose The Pallid Giant: A Tale of Yesterday and Tomorrow (1927; vt Gentlemen: You Are Mad! 1946) places in an ominous Near-Future context the discovery of records of a long-dead ancient race, which destroyed itself with Death Rays. The last survivors, one of them fortunately a scientist, undertake by Genetic Engineering to set the ape on an upward course (see Apes as Human; Evolution); we are their direct descendants. But now, in Near Future Europe, death ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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