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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 10 January 2022
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Horror in SF

The often propounded notion that sf is a literature of rational, scientifically based extrapolation is at best misleading and in many instances false. Much sf is anti-science, for reasons partly historic and perhaps partly intrinsic: the relationship of Fantastika as a whole to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment was uneasy from the very first. The famous remark of the Spanish painter Goya (1746-1828) that the Sleep of Reason breeds Monsters is inarguable in its most obvious meaning: when ...

"X" [2]

Pseudonym of the unidentified UK author (?   -?   ) of The Setting Sun: An Ante-Dated Picture for a People (1904), a spoof Future War tale in which Britain defeats East Midasland; the Satire is no more taxing than that found in P G Wodehouse's better-known The Swoop (1909). [JC]

Bisbee, Eugene Shade

(1864-1933) US author whose first work of sf interest is "A Hundred Thousand Dollar Trance" for The Black Cat in 1896, though it is in fact about a hoax involving hypnotism; The Treasure of the Ice (1898) is a Lost Race tale set at the south pole, where a civilization of waif Greeks has flourished, partly due to Eugenics; there is little argument in the text about such matters, however, as it is almost entirely given over to romantic intrigues. [JC]

Year 24 Group

["Nijūyo-nen-gumi"] Critical shorthand used in Japanese Manga Fandom and academia to describe the community of female creators who transformed girls' comics in the 1970s, making a striking and enduring impact on multiple genres, including sf (see Women SF Writers). The name derives from the happenstance that several of the prime movers in the field were born in or around 1949, the 24th year of the reigning Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito. For similar reasons, they are sometimes parsed in ...

Just Imagine

Film (1930). Fox Film Corporation. Directed by David Butler. Written by Lew Brown, Butler, Ray Henderson and Buddy G DeSylva. Songs by Brown, DeSilva and Henderson (credited) and/or Hugo Friedhofer (uncredited). Choreography by Seymour Felix. Cast includes Frank Albertson, Mischa Auer, El Brendel, John Garrick, George Irving, Joyzelle Joyner, Ivan Linow, Wilfred Lucas, Maureen O'Sullivan, Kenneth Thomson and Marjorie White. 109/113 minutes. Black and white. / As a viewing experience, Just ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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