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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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This thematic term is chiefly associated with Comics, but the concept is widespread in general sf. Numerous Superheroes are effectively defined by their superpowers and, very often, corresponding weaknesses. Superman, a major twentieth-century archetype, has a large (though varying with character rewrites) assortment of special powers supposedly resulting from his Alien origin, the lesser Gravity of Earth compared to his homeworld Krypton, and the differing radiation of our Sun: the usual ...

Adolph, Mrs Anna

(?   -?   ) US author of an sf novel, Arqtiq: A Study of Marvels at the North Pole (1899 chap), whose female protagonist flies to the North Pole in an Airship of her Invention; there she and her husband find and describe a surface Utopia known as Arq, and subsequently descend into a Hollow Earth after the fashion of John Cleves Symmes, discovering there that this inner world (and presumably our own above it) is in fact a vast Machine. The tale far precedes – ...


Film (2002). Cinetel Films, Inc. Directed by James Seale. Written by Steve Latshaw, Rebecca Morrison, Graham Winter. Cast includes Mark Dacascos, Rutger Hauer, Rayne Marcus and John Rhys-Davies. 91 minutes. Colour. / Geothermal activity suddenly threatens the planet with imminent incineration unless the Pacific tectonic plate's movement is halted by nuclear blasts detonated directly below the centre of Los Angeles. A team of soldiers goes into the city to set up the bombs, and though they ...

Tyson, J Aubrey

(1870-1930) US author whose Near Future thriller, The Scarlet Tanager (1922), which is set in 1930, rousingly presents a submarine pirate and his right-wing cohorts; a tough US intelligence agent opposes their efforts to topple the American government. A UK agent, the actress of the title, also becomes involved. Sf devices include sonar and an invisible Ray. The Barge of Haunted Lives (coll of linked stories 1923) includes several supernatural tales told in a Club Story venue. [JC]

Sutton, Lee

(1916-1978) US librarian and author of Venus Boy (1955), a Young Adult tale set on Venus; its young protagonist, the first human born on the planet, establishes a close relationship with a Venusian "bear", and save each other from predators, both native and imported from Earth. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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