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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute

April and the Extraordinary World

French-Belgian-Canadian animated film (2015; original title Avril et le Monde truqué). Je Suis Bien Content, StudioCanal, Kaibou Productions, Need Productions, Arte France Ciném, Jouror Distribution, RTBF, Proximus, Tchack. Directed by Christian Desmares and Franck Ekinci. Written by Franck Ekinci and Benjamin Legrand. Voice cast includes Benoît Brière, Anne Coesens, Marion Cotillard, Philippe Katerine and Jean Rochefort. 106 minutes. Colour. / A Steampunk ...

Granville, Austyn

(1854-1922) UK-born author, ultimately in US, centred in Chicago from the 1880s or earlier; he wrote some boys' stories as by Jack Talbot, none apparently of genre interest. He was apparently resident for some years in Australia. His racy, bigoted Lost-Race novel The Fallen Race (1892), one of the earliest sf books set in Australia, shares the belief in a great inland sea which in real life led to the disappointment or death of many explorers. Stranded in the desert, a doctor finds a lost race ...

Barb Wire

Film (1996). Polygram Film Entertainment. Directed by David Hogan. Written by Chuck Pfarrer and Ilene Chaiken, from a story by Chaiken; based on the Comics character created by Chris Warren for Dark Horse Comics. Cast includes Amir Aboulela, Pamela Anderson, Xander Berkeley, Temuera Morrison, Steve Railsback and Victoria Rowell. 98 minutes. Colour. / 2017: a Dystopian Near Future America with civil war intensifying, and the government applying increasing force in futile attempts to control ...

Powe, Bruce

(1925-2018) Canadian author whose sf novels concentrate on political disorders, a theme very common to post-World War Two writers from his country. Killing Ground: The Canadian Civil War (1968) as by Ellis Portal sets its fatal conflict in Near Future Canada. The Last Days of the American Empire (1974) more far-rangingly places its conflicts in the twenty-first century, when a North American hegemony is threatened by Invasions from both Europe and starving Africa. [JC]

Hingley, Ronald

(1920-2010) Scottish academic specializing in Russian studies, a translator from the Russian – most notably of the works of Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) in nine volumes (1974-1980) – and author. His Near Future sf novel Up Jenkins! (1956) satirically presents a UK split in two after a civil war, the northern half remaining more or less free, the southern half transformed into People's Britain, and ruled in totalitarian fashion. The Satire of People's Britain is deft, though ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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