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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Emerson, Jim

Pseudonym of Croatian-born psychologist, librarian, editor and author James Mladenovic (1960-    ), in US from 1963. He is of sf interest primarily for an ambitious attempt to recount the History of SF from the beginnings of American Genre SF, the first iteration of this project bein a Semiprozine, Futures Past (1992-1994) (which see for details), each annual issue covering a single year, beginning in 1926 and ending, four issues later, with 1929. / Reconfigured into ...

Bade, William L

(1928-2005) US academic, physicist (he did work for NASA) and author, who began publishing Hard SF stories with "Advent" for Astounding in January 1948, beginning a short series ending with "The Eight Hundredth Hundred-Day" (Fall 1953 Fantastic Worlds). He wrote three other stories, none remarkable. [JC]

Woltor, Robert

(?   -?   ) US author of a Yellow Peril tale, A Short and Truthful History of the Taking of California and Oregon by the Chinese in the Year AD 1899 (1882), constructed in the form of a Future History which recounts the Chinese naval Invasion of San Francisco (see California); by 1899, China, aided by immigrant Fifth Columnists, threatens the rest of America. [JC]

Gresswell, Elise Kay

Working name of Elizabeth Gresswell (1877-1944), née Kay, UK author whose Near Future Scientific Romance, When Yvonne Was Dictator (1935), concerns the election of the eighteen-year-old Yvonne initially as prime minister of the UK at a time of Economic disaster, and then, because of the power of her personality, as dictator (see Politics). In order to stem the mass suicide of those without work, she establishes a socialist regime where Overpopulation is controlled by criminalizing ...


A much-quoted item of sf Terminology, originally introduced in the anarcho-religious tract Principia Discordia (1965) by Kerry Thornley and Greg Hill, and widely popularized in the Illuminatus! trilogy (1975) by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson. In the Paranoia-riddled context of an assumed global conspiracy, fnords are defined as deliberately inserted keywords – for which the invented term "fnord" is a generic placeholder – which as a result of supposed childhood conditioning we ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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