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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Superman Returns

Film (2006). Warner Bros. Pictures. Directed by Bryan Singer. Written by Michael Dougherty, Dan Harris. Cast includes Kate Bosworth, James Marsden, Brandon Routh and Kevin Spacey. 154 minutes. Colour. / Superman's return to cinema largely ignores developments in the comics; instead Superman Returns reverently emulates the original Superman (1978). Set after Superman II (1980), Superman Returns begins with the return of the hero (Routh) to Earth after a five year absence, during which Lois ...

Strange Plasma

US Semiprozine, letter-size, published by Edgewood Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and edited by Steve Pasechnick. Intended to be quarterly the magazine ran for eight occasional issues, once or twice a year between Summer 1989 and Winter 1994, Pasechnick openly admitting that producing a Small Press magazine was "far more difficult" than he had imagined. Subtitled "speculative + imaginative fiction", Strange Plasma was too irregular to be influential, but held high standards and was one of ...

Bickley, Gillian

(1943-    ) UK-born academic and poet, mostly resident in Hong Kong from 1972; she has published essays on Future War texts, and in Hong Kong Invaded! A '97 Nightmare (coll 2001) she surrounds the anonymous Future War novella, The Back Door (1897 The China Mail: 1897 chap), with an extensive explanatory apparatus; the invaders are France allied with Russia. They succeed. [JC]

De Wohl, Louis

Working name of German author Lajos Theodor Gaspar Adolf Wohl (1903-1961), who also wrote as Ludwig von Wohl; in London from 1935 due to his mixed Hungarian and Jewish ancestry. Quite certainly due to his serious interest in astrology, he served during World War Two for the British Special Operations Executive generating "false" astrological predictions of coming German doom to distress Hitler, though his claims that the Führer was significantly influenced by such predictions have been ...

2001: A Space Odyssey

1. Film (1968). Produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick. Written by Kubrick, Arthur C Clarke, based very loosely on Clarke's "The Sentinel" (Spring 1951 10 Story Fantasy as "Sentinel of Eternity"; vt in Expedition to Earth, coll 1953). Cast includes Keir Dullea, Leonard Rossiter, Gary Lockwood, Douglas Rain and William Sylvester. 141 minutes, cut from 160 minutes. Colour. Originally in Cinerama. / This was the most ambitious sf film of the 1960s and perhaps ever. Kubrick's unique ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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