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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Neeper, Cary

Working name of US microbiologist and author Carolyn A Neeper (1937-    ) for her fiction, which consists primarily of the ambitious A Place Beyond Man (1975), which somewhat uneasily combines a Hard-SF rendering of the Physics and Biology of her interplanetary venues with a contemplative sweep characteristic of the Scientific Romance. Confronted with the looming self-destruction of Earth through Climate Change and devastations in the planet's Ecology in general, the two ...

Gautier, Théophile

(1811-1872) French author, a leading figure in the Romantic movement; father of Judith Gautier. Many of his works, including the lushly erotic Mademoiselle de Maupin (1835) – which is prefaced by his manifesto for "l'art pour l'art" – are so self-consciously exotic as to qualify as borderline fantasies even though without supernatural content [for fuller entry on Gautier see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. / Of Gautier's eight novels, two are of some sf ...


Australian neo-prog band. Both their debut release Cornucopia (1998) and their follow-up double-album Formula Orange (2001) are couched in an atmospheric, pared-down musical style, mostly instrumental, a little reminiscent of Radiohead. Tracks on the latter include "Robots on the Beach" and a ten-minute version of Edgar Allan Poe called "Pit and the Pendulum". It works well, although this same style seems drifty and unfocused in their next album, Sub Floating (2002). [AR]

Hoffmann, E T A

(1776-1822) German composer, painter, lawyer, judge and author. For many years he had thought of himself primarily as a musician, being intensely involved in all aspects of Music, including many critical works and compositions – several of his operas, including Undine (first performed 1816) were produced successfully; in 1810, for the publication of one of these compositions – the Miserere in B Flat Minor – he changed his third given name from Wilhelm to Amadeus in homage to ...


Term used to refer to the individual who, in a group participating in a Role Playing Game, serves as both arbitrator of the rules and personification of the setting. Thus, the Gamemaster will take the part of any character not owned by one of the players, describe the appearance of the world, control events which occur "off stage", and so on. Some Gamemasters of "pen and paper" or "tabletop" Role Playing Games see themselves as neutral animators of a pre-existing world, and will try to simulate ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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