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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Buntline, Ned

The principal pseudonym of Edward Zane Carroll Judson (circa 1821-1886) [he lied variously about his age], US publisher, entrepreneur, and author primarily of dime novels (see Dime-Novel SF) – perhaps as many as 500 of them – under various names, though mainly as by Buntline, a pseudonym he used most notoriously for Westerns. He remains best known for his transformation of William F Cody (1846-1917) into Buffalo Bill, a process he began when Cody was a young man, with Buffalo Bill, ...

Colladay, Morrison

Working name for most of his fiction of Charles Morrison Colladay (1877-?   ), US publisher, salesman and author who is discussed in E F Bleiler's Science Fiction: The Gernsback Years (1998). "Spirit Trails" (January 1928 Ghost Stories) as Charles Colladay may be his first story. When the Moon Fell (1929 chap) illustrated by Frank R Paul, a Ruined Earth tale climaxing in the rising of a new continent from the Atlantic Ocean, where humans may survive. This story was published in ...

Night that Panicked America, The

Made-for-tv film (1975). ABC TV. Directed by Joseph Sargent. Written by Nicholas Meyer, Anthony Wilson, based partly on the text of the original 1938 Radio play War of the Worlds by Howard Koch. Cast includes Michael Constantine, Cliff De Young, Vic Morrow and Paul Shenar. 100 minutes, cut to 78 minutes. Colour. / The film recreates the 1938 Orson Welles broadcast of an updated and relocated version of H G Wells's The War of the Worlds (April-December 1897 Pearson's; 1898) which, due to its ...


To trace an Italian sf tradition is not easy, because of the well-established split in Italy between scientific language and "literary culture". It is of some relevance to read Dante Alighieri's great poem La divina commedia (circa 1304-1320 in manuscript; first printed edition 1472; trans Henry Cary as The Divine Comedy 1814) as a sort of sf journey; Dante used his theological allegory to create a world that in terms of medieval consciousness was perfectly real. But it may be more fruitful to ...

Kajio Shinji

(1947-    ) Japanese author, recipient of several Seiun Awards, much of whose career in the twentieth century was a sideline to his role in the family business, the Kajio petrol station franchise. Then the youngest member of the Uchūjin authors' group, Kajio approached Cryonics as a form of very slow Time Travel in "Mia e Okuru Shinjū" ["Pearls for Mia"] (1971 Uchūjin; trans Milo Barisof in Speculative Japan 4, anth 2018, ed Edward Lipsett), in the ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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