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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books


The growth of knowledge in the biological sciences has lagged behind that in the physical sciences; Newton's synthesis of Physics and Astronomy anticipated the linking of biology and chemistry by 200 years. The age of mechanical inventions began in the early nineteenth century, that of biological inventions is only just beginning, in the wake of the elucidation (during the 1960s) of the "genetic code" which controls naturally occurring biological processes of manufacture. Writers of speculative ...

Campbell, Spencer

(?   -?   ) UK author of Under the Red Ensign: A Story of England's Peril (1912), a Future War tale that pits Germany against Great Britain in 1916, mostly at sea. [JC]

Vincent, Joyce

(?   -?   ) Australian author of some sf interest for The Celestial Hand: A Sensational Story (1903), a Future War tale in the midst of which a Utopia is described. [JC]


Film (2002). Touchstone Pictures (see The Walt Disney Company) presents a Blinding Edge Pictures/Kennedy/Marshall production. Directed by M Night Shyamalan. Written by Shyamalan. Cast includes Abigail Breslin, Rory Culkin, Mel Gibson and Joaquin Phoenix. 106 minutes. Colour. / Superficially, Signs is an alien Invasion movie, told from the perspective of an American farming family who are directly threatened by a handful of Aliens during the larger attack against Earth. At its heart, it is a ...

Ad Astra

UK magazine, in A4 format, published by Rowlot Ltd, edited by James Manning, 16 issues, bimonthly, October/November 1978 to September/October 1981, only first two issues dated. Its subtitle, "Britain's First ScienceFact/ScienceFiction Magazine", contained the seeds of its eventual demise: Ad Astra attempted to cover too many fields, most in no real depth. The fiction, about two stories an issue – mainly from UK authors, including John Brunner, Garry Kilworth, David Langford and Ian Watson ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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