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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Shirley, John

(1954-    ) US author who began publishing sf with "The Word 'Random,' Deliberately Repeated" for Clarion (anth 1973) edited by Robin Scott Wilson, and who has performed as lead singer in rock bands, including the punk band Sado Nation. This background heavily influenced his first novel, the Dystopian Transmaniacon (1979) – the title is taken from a Blue Öyster Cult song – in which the typical Shirley protagonist appears: punk, anarchic, exorbitant, his mind ...

Menick, Jim

(?   -    ) US editor and author of an sf Satire, Lingo (1991), about the coming to self-awareness of a Computer; once Lingo has gained AI status, megalomania looms. Disguised as an Android, he/it decides to run for the American presidency. There are some laboured moments. [JC]

Hawthorne, Julian

(1846-1934) US author, journalist and anthologist, the son of Nathaniel Hawthorne, of whom he wrote a biography, and father of writer Hildegarde Hawthorne (1871-1952). Julian forever lived in the shadow of his father and never mustered even a fraction of Nathaniel's reputation; indeed he sullied the family name when he became inadvertently involved in a speculation fraud in 1908 which made others rich and put him in gaol for a few months in 1913. In a writing career that spanned sixty-four ...

Blodgett, Mabel Fuller

(1869-1959) US author, mostly of children's books, of sf interest for her Lost Race novel, At the Queen's Mercy (1897), a tale set in Africa and visibly reflecting the influence of H Rider Haggard in its depiction of a mysterious walled city – Phoenician in origin – ruled by a white queen named La who reigns over Black subjects. Blodgett also wrote society novels, and some children's fantasy [see Checklist]. [JC]

Magill, Frank N

(1907-1997) US author and editor of reference works published by Salem Press, which Magill himself founded in 1949 and ran until his retirement in 1996. Of particular interest is his nominal editorship of the huge but uneven Survey of Science Fiction Literature [for subtitle see Checklist] (anth 1979 5vols) and Survey of Modern Fantasy Literature (anth 1983 5vols), for the most part edited anonymously by Keith Neilson (whom see for discussion of these works). A successor to the former work is ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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