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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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Rojas, Agustín de

Working name of Agustín de Rojas Anido (1949-2011), considered one of the most relevant sf Cuban authors. A biologist by training, having pursued a career in sport medicine, he dedicated his life to teaching (mostly theatre) and writing. He has an extensive and eclectic oeuvre. / His literary debut was the novel Espiral ["Spiral"] (1982), which in 1980 was awarded the prestigious Cuban Premio David ["David Award"] for new, unpublished writers, in the sf category. This opera prima is ...

Hunt, H L

(1889-1974) Polyprogenitive US oil tycoon, and author of the Alpaca sequence comprising Alpaca (1960) and Alpaca Revisited (1967), which begins as a romantic excursion into the eponymous Utopian kingdom, then becomes a more formal set of arguments designed to keep lands such as Alpaca free from dictators. Chief among these is the suggestion that voting rights be weighted in favour of the age and wealth of the voter. Taxes will be minimal. A utopian land will be constructed out of small cells ...

Douglass, Ellsworth

Pseudonym of US real-estate speculator, insurance broker and author Elmer Dwiggins (1863-1933), whose enterprises (for which he was jailed in 1919-1920) took him to various countries around the turn of the century; his fiction, including his one sf novel, was written during these travels. His first story, "The Wheels of Dr Ginochio Gyves" (September 1899 Cassell's Magazine) with Edwin Pallander, describes a gyroscopically controlled Spaceship; "A Town in the Tree-Tops" (February 1899 Strand) ...

Matrix Revolutions, The

Film (2003). Warner Bros. Pictures in association with Village Roadshow Pictures and NPV Entertainment presents a Silver Pictures production. Andy (now Lilly) Wachowski and Larry (now Lana) Wachowski. Cast includes Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Keanu Reeves, Jada Pinkett Smith and Hugo Weaving. 124 minutes. Colour. / The conclusion to the Matrix franchise continues the narrative of The Matrix Reloaded (2003): the machines reach Zion and an epic battle breaks out, while Neo and ...

Figgis, N P

Working name of Irish archaeologist and author Paddy Figgis (1939-    ), who also writes as by Helen Wykham; her fourth novel, The Fourth Mode (1989), sensitively depicts a Near Future small town and the natural life surrounding it as a nuclear Holocaust first threatens, then arrives. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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