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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Beyond the Stellar Empire

Role Playing Game (1981). Adventures By Mail. Designed by Jack Everitt, Robert Cook, Michael Popolizio. / Beyond the Stellar Empire was a Play by Mail game created in the US, resembling a massively multiplayer Space Sim such as EVE Online (2003) but mediated entirely through text and run in slow motion. In 1992 the UK company KJC Games (KJC) licenced the game from Adventures By Mail and created a separate instantiation of its fictional world. While the US version has now been shut down, the ...

Fridge

UK self-styled "post-rock" band, comprising Kieran Hebden (1980-    ) and Adem. Their work is mostly instrumental, an attractive melodic delicacy set against puffing, chittering beats, and demonstrates a persistent fascination with science fiction, not only in song-titles – "Robots in Disguise" on Ceefax (1997); "Ark", "Yttrium" and "Aphelion" on Eph (1999) but also in a fondness for samples of sf film sound effects and other aural ephemera. The Sun (2007) – ...

Reynolds, Pamela

(1923-2019) US author of an sf novel, Earth Times Two (1970), in which a boy is transported into a Parallel World which closely resembles the world he just left. [JC]

Vess, Charles

(1951-    ) American artist. After receiving a BFA from Virginia Commonwealth University in 1973, Vess briefly worked in animation before moving to New York City in 1977 to do illustrations for National Lampoon, Heavy Metal, Klutz Press, and other clients. Yet he displayed a natural talent for illustrating works of Fantasy by producing a number of paintings for a 1977 edition of J R R Tolkien's The Hobbit (1937) while also writing and illustrating his own fantasy novel, The ...

Independent Games

Independent Games can be defined as games owned by their creators, rather than by a large development or publishing company which exerts some degree of control over the design. Such games are often also published by the individuals who designed them. This definition is difficult to apply precisely; games may be developed and published independently and then rereleased by a major publisher, for example. In practice, however, the distinction between games which are developed independently and ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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