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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Hangar 18

Film (1980). Sunn Classic Pictures. Directed by James L Conway. Written by Tom Chapman, James L Conway, Stephen Lord (uncredited) and David O'Malley (uncredited) and Ken Pettus (as Steven Thornley). Cast includes Gary Collins, James Hampton, Darren McGavin and Robert Vaughn. 97 minutes. Colour. / After receiving congratulations from the President on their Space Flight mission, a space shuttle's crew members launch a satellite ... right into a passing flying saucer (see UFOs). The saucer ...


One of the most important Japanese animation studios of the early twenty-first century, Studio Trigger (also known as Kabushiki-gaisha Torigā, Trigger Inc. or simply Trigger) was founded in 2011 by two former Gainax employees, Hiroyuki Imaishi and Masahiko Ōtsuka: other Gainax staff also joined the company. Previously, Imaishi had worked on Shinseiki Evangelion (1995-1995), FLCL (2000) and Fullmetal Alchemist (2003-2004) (see Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood [2009-2010]), before ...

Fuller, Ira C

(1828-1913) US businessman, photographer, psychic and author, several of whose works are nonfiction speculations in the occult. Poems and Essays [for full title see Checklist] (coll 1897) anonymous presents poems purportedly by famous authors (many dead) who conveyed them to the editor. Of sf interest is The Mysteries of the Formation of the Earth, the Rising and Sinking of Continents, the Introduction of Man and his Destiny Revealed, in God's Own Way and Time (1899) anonymous, a tale set ...

Fan Service

Narrowly defined, Fan Service refers to creators of a Manga or Anime fulfilling the anticipated desire of (usually male) fans to see sexually arousing portrayals of a popular (usually female) character; this is invariably broadened to include any passing woman. Delivery tends to be unsubtle, from the creepiness of the panty shot to the plot-stalling insertion of a beach or swimming-pool episode; similarly, in action stories, women are liable to find themselves attacked at their most ...

Collectible Card Game

Term used to describe a form of Card Game in which the cards are both collectible in the manner of trading cards (see Collectibles) and usable as a game. Individual cards typically come with their own rules for play, any potential conflicts being resolved by a set of "meta rules" which apply to the game as a whole. Such games are generally sold as starter sets or basic "decks", which contain the core rules and an initial set, or deck of cards, and expansion sets, which include selections of ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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