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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Flying Saucer Mystery, The

Documentary film (1950; exp 1952). Telenews. No producer, director or screenwriter named. Cast includes Admiral Calvin Bolster USN and Donald E Keyhoe; those added in the re-release include General John A Samford and Frank Scully. Approximately 9½ minutes; re-release 12+ minutes. Black and white. / Lost for decades until it resurfaced in the 1990s, this may be the first ever documentary about UFOs – apparently produced as a filler to be shown between full-length Cinema ...

Hakim, Tawfiq al-

(1898-1987) Regarded along with Nobel-prize winning author Najib Mahfuz as the most important modern Egyptian author, author of over 50 books of short stories, novels, dramas and essays, some of sf interest. In 1947 he published his first sf short story, "Fi sana malyun" ["In the Year Million"]. His most interesting sf works are plays. In Rihla ila al-ghad (1950; trans as "Voyage to Tomorrow" 1981) he uses relativistic Time Travel during interstellar flight, in something of a homage to H G ...

More, Sir Thomas

(1478-1535) UK amateur actor, translator (of Lucian and others), lawyer, diplomat, politician and author. The son of a barrister, he was first educated for the Church, but soon decided upon a secular career. His legal training involved arguing both sides of any issue, a technique that would reappear in much of his writing, especially in Part 1 of Utopia. He advanced rapidly in public office, becoming both a Member of Parliament and Under-Sherriff of London in 1510, and occupying several posts ...

Space Invaders

Videogame (1978). Taito. Designed by Toshihiro Nishikado. Platforms: Arcade, Others. / Space Invaders was by no means the first Videogame, but it was the first to achieve worldwide commercial success. The early versions only worked on expensive arcade machines, and its popularity helped foster the rapid growth of video arcades in the 1980s. The basic concept, in which wave after wave of hostile aliens move down the screen until the player inevitably runs out of lives and is destroyed, has ...

Bergonzi, Bernard

(1929-2016) UK literary academic, critic and poet, latterly Emeritus Professor of English at the University of Warwick, who began to publish essays of genre interest with "The Publication of The Time Machine, 1894-1895" (February 1960 Review of English Studies) and "The Time Machine: An Ironic Myth" (December 1960 Critical Quarterly). His many nonfiction works include a useful examination of the sf or Scientific Romances of H G Wells, The Early H.G. Wells: A Study of the Scientific Romances ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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