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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Collectible Card Game

Term used to describe a form of Card Game in which the cards are both collectible in the manner of trading cards (see Collectibles) and usable as a game. Individual cards typically come with their own rules for play, any potential conflicts being resolved by a set of "meta rules" which apply to the game as a whole. Such games are generally sold as starter sets or basic "decks", which contain the core rules and an initial set, or deck of cards, and expansion sets, which include selections of ...

Elliott, Bruce

(1914-1973) US author and editor, active mainly in the sf field in the early 1950s, though his first story of genre interest was "Jungle Jazz" for Doc Savage magazine in June 1944; in the 1940s, he also wrote several stories for the magazine sequence The Shadow (see The Shadow). His sf novels – Asylum Earth (October 1952 Startling; 1968) and The Rivet in Grandfather's Neck (1970) – are routine adventures. [JC] see also: Dimensions. /

Zweig, Stefan

(1881-1942) Austrian biographer, journalist, playwright and author whose interbellum reputation is now unfairly faded; his suicide (along with his wife's), which occurred when they both had begun to think World War Two would be won by the Allies, has been treated in hindsight as a sign of misplaced despair rather than – as clearly demonstrated in Messages from a Lost World: Europe on the Brink (coll trans from various sources Will Stone 2016) – prescience. / Zweig was in no ...

Willer, Jim

(1921-circa 2007) British-born Canadian painter and author whose sf novel, Paramind (1973), set mainly in Vancouver, takes a Dystopian view of the domineering role of a Computer gone rogue in an automated twenty-first-century world (see Automation). [JC]

Benson, Gordon, Jr

(1936-1996) US bookseller, publisher and bibliographer who released the first of his many solo Bibliographies of sf figures in approximately 1980; early bibliographies such as that of Jack Williamson (?1980 chap) were privately published from Albuquerque, New Mexico, with no designated publisher imprint. In 1983 he moved into partnership with UK bibliographer Phil Stephensen-Payne, whom see not only for authors treated in collaboration but for Benson's solo titles released or reissued in the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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