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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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1. Film (1975). United Artists. Directed by Norman Jewison. Written by William Neal Harrison, based on his "Roller Ball Murder" (September 1973 Esquire). Cast includes Maud Adams, John Beck, James Caan and John Houseman. 129 minutes, cut to 125 minutes. Colour. / That one man who stands tall and proud can topple a corrupt system by his example is the moral of this sluggish big-budget movie. In a future run by corporations, ordinary citizens are – implausibly – kept happy by a ...

Roszak, Theodore

(1933-2011) US historian – latterly professor emeritus of history at California State University – and author of several works of cultural criticism, most famously The Making of a Counter Culture (1969) and also including The Cult of Information (1986), which is highly sceptical about the contemporary boom in Information Theory. He began writing sf with Bugs (1981), in which a frightened child Telepath causes bugs to infiltrate Computer systems and thereafter to emerge – in ...

Lea, Alec Richard

(1907-2003) Canadian-born author, in UK from childhood; the protagonists of The Outward Urge (1944) protagonists escape a Near Future totalitarian Dystopia via Time Travel to a better land, inhabited by Druids. [JC]

Day the Earth Caught Fire, The

Film (1961). British Lion/Pax/Universal. Produced and directed by Val Guest. Cast includes Arthur Christiansen, Edward Judd, Leo McKern and Janet Munro. Written by Wolf Mankowitz, Guest. 99 minutes, cut to 90 minutes (US). Black and white. / Val Guest, who had made The Quatermass Xperiment (1956) and other sf/horror films for Hammer in the 1950s, excelled himself with this intelligent Disaster movie. After a framing scene, in which reporter Peter Stenning (Judd) walks through the deserted ...

Bainbridge, William Sims

(1940-    ) US sociologist whose interest in the mapping of sf as a subculture and as a presentation of worldviews has distinguished his career, an early example, published within the frame of Genre SF, being "New Maps of Science Fiction" in Analog Yearbook (anth 1978) edited by Ben Bova; as commonly found in some academic disciplines, the essay was written in collaboration, in this case with Murray M Dalziel. Bainbridge's own studies of sf include The Spaceflight Revolution ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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