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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Sohl, Jerry

Working name of US author and former journalist Gerald Allan Sohl Sr (1913-2002), active from about 1950 in sf and other genres as Sohl and under various pseudonyms, including Nathan Butler and Sean Mei Sullivan. He began publishing sf with The 7th Order (March 1952 Galaxy; 2010 ebook) and soon released The Haploids (1952), the first of several 1950s novels whose slick surface and sharp economy of scale marked him as a professional craftsman. These books include The Transcendent Man (1953), ...

Trevor, Michael

(?   -    ) UK author of a Lost World tale Inca City (1947) whose young protagonists, having found an Incan talisman, end up in the eponymous forgotten City, where they excitingly become prisoners. [JC]

Benoist, Elizabeth S

(1901-1999) US author in whose sf novel, Doomsday Clock (1975), a passel of disparate characters takes refuge from nuclear Holocaust in a very deep and luxurious Underground bomb shelter, where they tell each other tales (see Club Story) and prepare, in all likelihood, to die. [JC]


The history of radio sf is badly under-researched, but it is clear that, in some important respects, it anticipates that of Television sf. The major televisual forms – the series, the serial and the anthology – were all originally developed for radio. Many television sf programmes, from Superman and Buck Rogers to The Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy, were also directly adapted from earlier radio programmes. Radio is cheaper to produce than television, and very much cheaper than ...

City Limits

Film (1984). Sho Films/Videoform/Island Alive. Directed by Aaron Lipstadt. Written by Don Opper, from a story by Lipstadt and James Reigle. Cast includes Kim Cattrall, Rae Dawn Chong, Darrell Larson and John Stockwell. 85 minutes. Colour. / Disappointing exploitation movie from the writer and director of the first-rate Android (1982). Fifteen years after the USA has been almost wiped out by a Pandemic, two biker gangs in the sort of trendy Post-Holocaust fashions associated with the Mad Max ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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