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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Druillet, Philippe

(1944-    ) Innovative French artist with an epic imagination and an astringent pen-line style who cofounded with Moebius (Jean Giraud) and others the publishing company Les Humanöides Associés and the imaginative graphic-fiction magazine Métal Hurlant in 1975; much of the contents of the latter have been published in English in the US magazine Heavy Metal. / Brought up in Spain, Druillet was a photographer until the publication of his first strip Lone ...


An example of speculative Terminology, the term taken from Xenopus laevis, the African clawed frog; used initially to describe tiny self-healing Robots bred organically from (as an instance) frog stem cells, but used more widely in the third decade of the twenty-first century to describe any robot bred organically. In this encyclopedia, the term Android is usefully restricted to humanoid-shaped artificial beings. Androids are therefore xenobots, but the reverse is not true: xenobots need not be ...

Stand, The

US tv miniseries (1994). Laurel Entertainment/ABC Television. Executive producers Stephen King and Richard Rubinstein. Directed by Mick Garris, teleplay by King based on his own novel The Stand (1978, text restored rev 1990). Cast includes Gary Sinese as Stu Redman, Molly Ringwald as Frannie Goldsmith, Rob Lowe as Nick Andros, Adam Storke as Larry Underwood, Laura San Giacomo as Nadine, Ruby Dee as Mother Abigail, James Sheridan as Randall Flagg, Matt Frewer as Trashcan Man and many others. ...

Appleyard, Bryan

(1951-    ) UK author whose sf novel, The First Church of the New Millennium (1994), conflates (not entirely with conviction) two forms of human aspiration: the building of a great new cathedral, and a manned mission to Mars. [JC]

Lynn, Grey

Pseudonym of an untraced author (?   -    ), though some circumstantial evidence points to a tentative identification. Grey Lynn, an inner-city district of Auckland, New Zealand, was the birthplace of Felix (Runcie) Kelly (1914-1994), an artist who moved in 1935 to the UK, where his work was espoused by Herbert Read, who commissioned him to illustrate the 1946 edition of his sf novel, The Green Child (1935), and who wrote an introduction for a volume of his ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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