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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 May 2022
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Fontenelle, Bernard le Bovyer de

(1657-1757) French man of letters whose work pointed forward to the Age of Reason; nephew of the dramatist Pierre Corneille (1606-1684). He wrote much, and one of his most important books became a seminal influence on Proto SF: Entretiens sur la pluralité des mondes habités (1686; exp 1687; trans Sir W D Knight as A Discourse on the Plurality of Worlds 1687; new trans Aphra Behn as A Discovery of New Worlds 1688; new trans J Glanvill as The Plurality of Worlds 1688) [for further ...

Wreck-It Ralph

Animated film (2012). Walt Disney Animation Studios (see The Walt Disney Company). Directed by Rich Moore. Written by Phil Johnston and Jennifer Lee, based on a story by Moore, Johnston and Jim Reardon. Cast includes John C Reilly and Sarah Silverman. 108 minutes. Colour. / Thirty years after Tron (1982) took us inside the secret Virtual Reality world of a single Computer, Wreck-It Ralph takes us inside a whole arcade. It is a film for the post-Tron generation who grew up on Videogames and, ...

Whittaker, Frederick

(1838-1889) UK-born author, in USA from 1850; perhaps best known for The Complete Biography of George Armstrong Custer (1876 2vols), which was adulatory. Of his Dime-Novel SF, The Grizzly-Hunters; Or, the Navahoe Captives: A Tale of the Lost City of the Sierras (1871) is a Lost Race tale set in a secret City, which turns out to be inhabited by Aztecs; the two white daughters of the king marry the two white protagonists (see Race in SF); the eponymous bears may also be survivals of an earlier ...

Perfect Woman, The

Film (1949). Two Cities/Eagle-Lion. Directed by Bernard Knowles. Written by George Black, Knowles, based on the play The Perfect Woman (produced 1948; 1950) by Wallace Geoffrey and Basil Mitchell. Cast includes Pamela Devis, Irene Handl, Stanley Holloway, Miles Malleson, Nigel Patrick, Patricia Roc and Constance Smith. 89 minutes. Black and white. / An inventor creates a Robot in the image of his niece and hires a young man to take it out on a date as a final test of its believability. But ...

Älgarnas Trädgård

Swedish space-rock band, whose only release Framtiden är ett svävande skepp, förankrat i forntiden (1972) combines pseudo-medieval folk and futuristic psychedelic styles to surprisingly good effect. The title translates as "The Future is a Hovering Ship Anchored in the Past", and a time-clash science-fictional theme links the tracks. [AR] see also: SF Music. /

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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