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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Leading Edge, The

US Semiprozine produced by students at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. It began in April 1981 and has generally appeared twice yearly; occasionally (as in 1987 and 2015) there were three issues, and in several other years only a single issue. The Leading Edge is published in a perfect-bound Digest format. It is edited by the students, usually an individual or group for an academic year at a time, and therefore the magazine has almost as many editors as issues. The first editorial team, ...


In the same way that theories of Evolution provide an imaginative context for sf stories about the Origin of Man and Life on Other Worlds, so they govern attitudes to superhumans. There is a significant difference, though, between Darwin-inspired images of a "fitter" species and images inspired by Lamarckian and Bergsonian ideas of "creative evolution", in which the emergence of a superman might be the result of humankind's fervent desire to become something finer. Also of some relevance ...

Zajdel, Janusz A

(1938-1985) Polish author, one of the three most important figures in Polish science fiction of the post-war era, who partly recognized, partly created and defined, and eventually occupied a literary territory that allowed him, along with some other writers, to create social Dystopias critical of the gross perversions and pathologies of the Polish communist state, and by extension totalitarianism in general, without exposing himself to the closer attention of the authorities and his work to ...

Marvel Cinematic Universe

A term first used in 2008 by Kevin Feige, President of Production for Marvel Studios, to describe the array of Superheroes still remaining under Marvel Comics's full control, after various production and distribution deals over the previous years had conspicuously fragmented the overall Marvel brand, and had left the company with insufficient sway over products generated in its name. The free-for-all of those years had resulted in separate concept "philosophies" and production values and ...

Ash Ra Tempel

German space rock band formed by Manuel Göttsching (1952-    ) and Klaus Schulze, although Schulze's presence in the group has been intermittent. The group's eponymous first release Ash Ra Tempel (1971) is a classic of "krautrock": lengthy and mostly improvisatory rock with loosely astral themes and titles – the band's name positions their work in hierophantic relation to the Egyptian Sun god ("tempel" is German for "temple"). The second release Schwingungen ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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