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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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An automaton is a constructed device with powered working parts, often but not necessarily humanoid, often but not always immobile, never conscious, and generally designed to be seen (unless it is specifically hidden). Because it does not think, it cannot be a slave (see Slavery). As much spectacle as Machine, it has been over the centuries often been presented as a Predictive image of humanity's future escape from toil or, more recently, as a dreadful warning of our fate as cogs in a ...

Perry, Roger

Pseudonym of UK author Roger William Cowern (1928-    ), author of three undemanding Space Operas for Robert Hale Limited: Senior Citizen (1979), The Making of Jason (1980) and Esper's War (1981). [JC]

Richards, Alfred Bate

(1820-1876) UK editor of the Morning Advertiser from 1870 until his death, playwright and author. For many years he was active as a propagandist for UK military preparedness, but The Invasion of England (A Possible Tale of Future Times) (1870 chap), published privately, had little impact, partly because it lacked any effective narrative frame. It was in any case much less well-written than Lt.-Col. Sir George T Chesney's The Battle of Dorking: Reminiscences of a Volunteer (May 1871 Blackwood's ...

Survival Horror

Term used to describe a form of Videogame which, unusually amongst game forms, is defined by its tone and ambience rather than by its gameplay. As the name suggests, Survival Horror games are characterized by vulnerable protagonists attempting to escape from menacing and disturbing situations, almost always of a fantastic nature. The gameplay most often resembles that of an action Adventure, though in a Survival Horror game the player characters will be at much more frequent risk of death, ...

de la Warr, George

(1904-1969) UK pioneer of a controversial alternative healing therapy involving "radionics" devices. He is best known in sf circles for his Pseudoscientific "Hieronymus machine" which enthralled John W Campbell Jr in the 1950s. This supposed Psionics machine had an elusive tactile output (the varying stickiness of a rubber pad) which was generally regarded as too subjective to be meaningful. With Langston Day he wrote two nonfiction books about his radionics research and inventions, New Worlds ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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