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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Ramos, Joanne

(?   -    ) Philippine-born author, in USA from the age of six; her first novel, The Farm (2019), makes effective use of the aura of Dystopia that suffuses any presentation of the use of women (see Women in SF) as breeders on behalf of the world's wealthy. The tale, set along the interface between corporate innovation and the Near Future, describes the blandishments and coercions inflicted upon potential surrogate mothers in a "gestational retreat" in upstate ...

Automata

An automaton is a constructed device with powered working parts, often but not necessarily humanoid, often but not always immobile, never conscious, and generally designed to be seen (unless it is specifically hidden). Because it does not think, it cannot be a slave (see Slavery). As much spectacle as Machine, it has been over the centuries often been presented as a Predictive image of humanity's future escape from toil or, more recently, as a dreadful warning of our fate as cogs in a ...

Last Wave, The

Film (1977). Released in America as Black Rain. McElroy and McElroy, Derek Power, The South Australian Film Corporation. Directed by Peter Weir. Written by Tony Morphett, Petro Popescu and Weir. Cast includes Nandjiwarra Amagula, Walter Amagula, Richard Chamberlain, Vivean Gray, David Gulpilil, Olivia Hamnett, Richard Henderson and Frederick Parsloe. 106 minutes. Colour. / The Last Wave was made long before the twentieth century ended. This should be kept in mind as its complex narrative ...

Chetwynd-Hayes, R

(1919-2001) Working name of UK author and anthologist Ronald Henry Glynn Chetwynd-Hayes, who also published stories as by Angus Campbell and Henry Glynn; though he wrote some sf, most of his more than 200 tales, beginning with "The Orator" for The Lady in 1953, are fantasy or horror. The Clavering Grange tales, a series which includes two novels and variously released shorter works, are set in a twelfth-century mansion in Kent, where hauntings are numerous; some of the tales are set in the Near ...

MacLennan, Phyllis

(1920-2012) US translator, actor and author who began publishing work of genre interest with "A Contract in Karasthan" for Fantastic Stories of the Imagination (see Fantastic) in July 1963, her best-known tale being "Thus Love Betrays Us" (September 1972 F&SF). Her sf novel, Turned Loose on Irdra (1970), subverts its orthodox frame – the protagonist is sent to a planet whose civilization (see Life on Other Worlds) is about to be inducted into the Galactic Union (see Galactic Empire) ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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