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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Debans, Camille

(1833-1910) French journalist and author, some of whose work, little yet translated, is sf. His Future War tale, Les Malheurs de John Bull (1884; trans as John Bull's Downfall 1884; vt John Bull's Misfortunes 1884); new trans Brian Stableford as The Misfortunes of John Bull in coll 2015 [for subtitles and further details see Checklist below], applies Battle of Dorking topoi from an opposing point of view; not only London is invaded, but also Ireland, for the protagonist of the tale, suffering ...

Timlin, Mark

(1944-    ) UK author, almost exclusively of crime thrillers mostly set in London, his most popular series being the Nick Sharman tales; his pseudonyms include Johnny Angelo, Jim Ballantyne, Holly Delatour, Lee Martin, Martin Milk and Tony Williams. The Torturer (1995) as by Ballantyne is horror. Of sf interest is I Spied a Pale Horse (1999), a very Near Future tale in which the End of the World, at the turn of the Millennium, is caused by a universal Pandemic. [JC]

England, George Allan

(1877-1936) US explorer, translator and author of much magazine fiction between 1901 and 1935; of more than 330 published stories so far traced, five were full-length sf novels in serial form, and many individual tales were sf, starting with his first work of genre interest, "The Time-Reflector" for The Monthly Story Magazine in September 1905, about the Invention of a Time Viewer device. His work appeared predominantly in Frank A Munsey's magazines, where he was one of the more popular writers ...

Hargrave, John

(1894-1982) UK illustrator, youth leader and author who at the age of seventeen became the chief cartoonist for the London Evening News, having already begun a career as illustrator with a 1909 edition of Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726; rev 1735); he later illustrated Black Tales for White Children (coll 1914) by C H Stigland. His work was all in black-and-white, with effects that ran from the forceful to the jagged. He became involved in the Boy Scout movement before serving for two ...

Badger Books

The main imprint of John Spencer and Co, used by that firm on almost all their books from about the beginning of 1955 through 1967, when the imprint was terminated. John Spencer and Co. itself was founded in 1946, incorporated in 1956 and eventually dissolved in 1983; like several other UK firms (e.g., Curtis Warren), it specialized in the production of purpose-written paperback originals in various popular genres, though the early 1950s saw some emphasis on magazines (in small-Digest and ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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